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Central American pine-oak forests

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Title: Central American pine-oak forests  
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Subject: Index of Central America-related articles, Central America, Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests, Lagunas de Montebello National Park, Mesoamerican pine-oak forests
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Central American pine-oak forests

Central American pine-oak forests
Pine-oak forest in Chimaltenango, Guatemala
Biome Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
Area 111,400 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
Countries Mexico (Southern), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua
Conservation status Critical/Endangered[1]
Global 200 Yes

The Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion, in the tropical and subtropical coniferous forests biome, is found in Central America and southern Mexico.


The Central American pine-oak forests occupy an area of 111,400 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi),[1] extending along the mountainous spine of Central America, extending from the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in Mexico's Chiapas state through the highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras to central Nicaragua.

The pine-oak forests lie between 600–1,800 metres (2,000–5,900 ft) elevation,[1] and are surrounded at lower elevations by tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests. Higher elevations above 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) are usually covered with Central American montane forests.


The Central American pine-oak forests are composed of many species characteristic of temperate North America including oaks (Quercus spp.), pines (Pinus spp.), fir (Abies spp.), and cypress (Cupressus spp.).


  1. ^ a b c "Central American pine-oak forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  • World Wildlife Fund (2001). "Central American pine-oak forests". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08. 

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