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Calakmul Municipality

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Title: Calakmul Municipality  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Municipalities of Campeche, Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, Xpujil, Campeche, Dzitbalché
Collection: Municipalities of Campeche
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Calakmul Municipality

Skyline of Calakmul
Coat of arms of Calakmul
Coat of arms
Country Mexico
State Campeche
Municipal seat Xpujil
 • Municipal president Luis A. González Caamal (2006–09)
 • Total 13,839.11 km2 (5,343.31 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,882
 • Density 1.9/km2 (5.0/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Created 31 December 1996

Calakmul is a municipality in the Mexican state of Campeche, situated in the central part of the Yucatán Peninsula.


  • History and geography 1
  • Demographics 2
    • Towns and villages 2.1
  • Heritage 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History and geography

The municipality (municipio) of Calakmul borders to the east with Quintana Roo (municipalities of José María Morelos, Bacalar, and Othón P. Blanco) and Belize (Orange Walk District); to the south with Guatemala (Petén Department); and to the north and west with other municipalities in Campeche (Candelaria, Champotón, Escárcega and Hopelchén). It covers 13,839.11 km² (5,343.31 sq mi), accounting for 24.34% of the state's total surface area, and is the 10th-largest municipality in area in the country.

The municipality was created on 31 December 1996, from part of the territory of Champotón. On 19 June 1998, the State Congress enacted legislation creating the new municipality of Candelaria as of 1 July of that year, with which Calakmul lost 24% of its population and a portion of its territory.


The 2010 census reported a population of 26,882 persons.[1] The languages spoken in Calakmul include Yucatec Maya, Ch'ol, Chontal, Tzotzil, and others. The municipal seat is the town of Xpujil, a small settlement of 3,984 inhabitants located on Federal Highway 186 as it crosses the base of the peninsula from Escárcega, Campeche, to Chetumal, Quintana Roo.

Towns and villages

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[2]

Name 2010 Census Population
Xpujil 3,984
Constitución 1,142
Zoh-Laguna (Álvaro Obregón) 1,074
Pablo García 699
Ingeniero Ricardo Payro Jene (Polo Norte) 648
Santo Domingo 547
Xbonil 518
Manuel Castilla Brito 516
Nuevo Conhuás 503
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (San Antonio Soda) 502
Total Municipality 26,882


Maya archaeological sites in the municipality include: Calakmul, Becán, Chicanna, El Hormiguero, Río Bec and Xpuhil. The Calakmul Biosphere Reserve also covers much of its southern portion.


  1. ^ "Calakmul". Catálogo de Localidades.  
  2. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI
  • Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
  • Calakmul Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

External links

  • Ayuntamiento de Calakmul Official website (Spanish)
  • Municipio de Calakmul from official Campeche state government website (Spanish)
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