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Beaumont, Texas

Beaumont, Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Jefferson
Settled 1835
Incorporation 1838
Demonym Beaumonter
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Becky Ames
Dr. Alan B. Coleman
W. L. Pate, Jr.
Bill Sam, Sr.
Audwin M. Samuel
Gethrel ‘Get’ Williams-Wright
Mike Getz
 • City Manager Kyle Hayes
 • City 85.9 sq mi (222.6 km2)
 • Land 85.0 sq mi (220.2 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
Elevation 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City 118,296
 • Estimate (2013)[1] 117,796
 • Density 1,339.4/sq mi (517.1/km2)
 • Urban 147,922 (222th U.S.)
 • Metro 404,872 (130th U.S.)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77701–77710, 77713, 77720, 77725, 77726
Area code(s) 409
FIPS code 48-07000[2]
GNIS feature ID 1330268[3]
U.S. Routes
Waterways Neches River, Pine Island Bayou
Public transit BMTS

Beaumont ( ) is a city in and county seat of Jefferson County, Texas, United States,[4] within the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located on the Neches River and about 90 miles from Houston, the city had a population of 118,296 at the 2010 census making it the twenty-fourth most populous city in the state of Texas.

Beaumont's early history was centered around the development of lumber, farming, and port industries. In 1892 Spindletop gusher, which demonstrated the potential of the huge oil field. The area transformed into one of the major petro-chemical refining areas in the country. Along with Port Arthur and Orange, Beaumont forms the Golden Triangle, a major industrial area on the Gulf Coast.

Beaumont is home of Lamar University, a national Carnegie Doctoral Research university with 15,000 students. Over the years, several corporations have called Beaumont home. For example, Gulf States Utilities had its headquarters in Beaumont until its absorption by Entergy Corporation in 1993. GSU's Edison Plaza headquarters is still the tallest building in Beaumont (as of 2011). With Spindletop, several energy companies developed in Beaumont, and some continue.


  • History 1
  • Government 2
    • Local government 2.1
    • Politics 2.2
    • State representation 2.3
    • Federal representation 2.4
  • Economy 3
    • Businesses associated with Beaumont 3.1
  • Transportation 4
  • Geography 5
  • Climate 6
  • Demographics 7
  • Culture 8
    • Arts and theatre 8.1
      • Museums and buildings open for tours 8.1.1
      • Other historic buildings 8.1.2
      • Performing arts 8.1.3
    • Tourism and recreation 8.2
      • In Beaumont 8.2.1
      • Within 30 minute drive 8.2.2
    • Downtown Beaumont 8.3
    • Events 8.4
    • Parades 8.5
    • Sports 8.6
      • Professional sports 8.6.1
      • University sports 8.6.2
    • Media 8.7
      • Newspapers 8.7.1
      • Television 8.7.2
      • Radio 8.7.3
  • Architecture 9
  • Education 10
    • Colleges and universities 10.1
      • Lamar University 10.1.1
      • Lamar Institute of Technology 10.1.2
    • Primary and secondary schools 10.2
  • Sister cities 11
  • Notable people 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • Further reading 15
  • External links 16


In 1824 Noah and Nancy Tevis settled on the west bank of the

  • City of Beaumont
  • Beaumont Convention and Visitors Bureau
  • In Southeast Texas – In depth view of the area's events & happenings
  • Beaumont Main Street, Celebrating Downtown
  • Beaumont Civic Center Complex.
  • Beaumont, TX at
  • Islamic Society of Triplex Inc
  • Oxford City F.C. Of Texas
  •  Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Beaumont, Texas". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co. 

External links

  • "Banking in Beaumont 1960–2006", Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record (Nov 2007), Vol. 43, pp 2–6; Examines the banking system since the 1960s and the effects of the One Bank Holding Company Act of 1970.
  • Burran, James A. "Violence in an 'Arsenal of Democracy': The Beaumont Race Riot, 1943", East Texas Historical Journal, 1976 Vol. 14, Iss.1, Article 8, available at ScholarWorks
  • Faucett, William T. "Shipbuilding in Beaumont during World War II", Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 2005 41: 55–65.
  • Linsley, Judith Walker; Rienstra, Ellen Walker; and Stiles, Jo Ann. Giant under the Hill: A History of the Spindletop Oil Discovery at Beaumont, Texas, in 1901 (Austin: Texas State Hist. Assoc., 2002). 304 pp.
  • Looscan, Adele B. "Elizabeth Bullock Huling," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 11 (July 1907).
  • Martin, Madeleine. More Early Southeast Texas Families (Quanah, Texas: Nortex, 1978).
  • Schaadt, Robert L. "The Business of Beaumont Prior to 1880," Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 2006 42: 34–53.

Further reading

  1. ^ a b "State and County Quick Facts".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b Paul E. Isaac. "Beaumont, Texas". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Judith Linsley & Ellen Rienstra. "Henry Millard". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Judith Linsley & Ellen Rienstra. "Joseph Perkins Pulsifer". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Robert Wooster. "Thomas Byers Huling". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  9. ^ Rienstra, Ellen Walker; Linsley, Judith Walker (2003). Historic Beaumont: An Illustrated History. Historical Publishing Network. p. 21.  
  10. ^ "Broussard, Joseph Eloi". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  11. ^ "Beaumont, Texas", Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities
  12. ^ Robert L. Schaadt, "The Business of Beaumont Prior to 1880," Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 2006 42: 34–53
  13. ^ Carolyn Davis Smith, "Captain William Casper Tyrrell: Philanthropist Extraordinaire and the Legacy of Philanthropy in Beaumont," Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 2002 38: 5–18
  14. ^ James S. Olson. "Beaumont riot of 1943". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots". Los Angeles Almanac. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Hatred on the Home Front: The Race Riots During WWII". Time Inc. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Race Riots". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Detroit Race Riots 1943". WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved September 22, 2015. In many cities the demands of wartime were manifesting themselves in outbursts of intolerance. Race riots had already erupted in Los Angeles, as well as Mobile, Alabama, and Beaumont, Texas. 
  19. ^ City of Beaumont CAFR Retrieved 2009-07-21
  20. ^ "Mayor and City Council". City of Beaumont, Texas. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  21. ^ "Beaumont District Office." Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved on 11 January 2010.
  22. ^ "Contact Information." Texas Ninth Court of Appeals. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  23. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  24. ^ "FCI Beaumont Low Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  25. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (pdf). City of Beaumont, Texas. p. 133. Retrieved August 13, 2015. 
  26. ^ a b "Corporate Office Contact Information." Jason's Deli. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
  27. ^ "[3]." Conn's Appliances. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  28. ^ "Contact Us." Sweet Leaf Tea Company. 7 June 2001. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  29. ^ "History." Sweet Leaf Tea Company. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  30. ^ "Conn's History"
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  32. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  33. ^ Thomas J. Larkin and George W. Bomar. Climatic Atlas of Texas. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  34. ^ "Piney Woods forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 19 March 2008. 
  35. ^ Jeff Masters (2008). "Hurricane Ike Damages". Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  36. ^ "Police: Tornado hits Beaumont store". Associated Press. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2009. 
  37. ^ "The Green Book Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants As of July 02, 2014". Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  38. ^ "Beaumont-Port Arthur: Current Attainment Status". Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  39. ^ Rhor, Monica (20 October 2007). "Texas toxic town lures industry while residents wheeze". Associated Press. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  40. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  41. ^ "Monthly Averages for Beaumont, TX (77705)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  42. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  43. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  44. ^ "Beaumont, Texas", in Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities
  45. ^ "Beaumont Children's Museum". Beaumont Children's Museum. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  46. ^ City of Beaumont, Texas. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  47. ^ "Cattail Marsh". Golden Triangle Audubon. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  48. ^ Gerald E. McCleod (February 13, 2015). "Day Trips: Cattail Marsh, Beaumont". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  49. ^ Tammy McKinley (October 15, 2010). "Waste Water Renews Marsh". Hearst Newspapers II, LLC. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  50. ^ [4]
  51. ^ de beste bron van informatie over setxmavericks. Deze website is te koop!. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  52. ^ Edison Plaza | Buildings. Emporis. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  53. ^ Edson Hotel | Buildings. Emporis. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  54. ^ San Jacinto Building | Buildings. Emporis. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  55. ^ Jefferson County Courthouse | Buildings. Emporis. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  56. ^ 1930s | Kyle Block. Houston Deco. Retrieved on 2012-06-26.
  57. ^ "The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Learning". Carnegie Foundation. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  58. ^ "Lamar University History". Lamar University. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  59. ^ Brian Sattler (September 22, 2015). "LU posts new enrollment record". Lamar University. Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  60. ^ "Lamar Institute of Technology - History". Lamar Institute of Technology. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
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  62. ^ "Austin Brown - Artist - All Music". Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  63. ^ "Austin Brown - Writer Profile". Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  64. ^ "Austin Brown - Director". Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "Chip Ambres". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  66. ^ "Kelly Asbury". Museum of the Gulf Coast. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  67. ^ "Jerry Lee Ball". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  68. ^ "Advertising • Charlotte Beers". Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  69. ^ "Catching up with: James Brown". The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  70. ^ "Ben Broussard Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  71. ^ "Jay Allen Bruce". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  72. ^ a b "Byrd, Chesnutt Plan Hometown Labor Day Bash". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  73. ^ "Biography of Henry Edward Chambers". Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
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  80. ^ "Greyhound Benefit; Derry & Immanivong Team Up". Eater Dallas. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  81. ^ "Mel Farr". NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
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  86. ^ "Slade Ham". RoofTopComedy. Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  87. ^ "Rebekah Herzberg". Slasher Studios. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
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  94. ^ "An R&B comeback, more than three decades in the making". Blues Music Now. Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  95. ^ "Robert Townley Mann, Sr.". The Beaumont Enterprise, August 13, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  96. ^ "Christine Michael -". Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  97. ^ Martinez, Humberto (October 3, 2008). "Eloise "Melody Maid" Milam dies at 100".  
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See also

For a full list of people associated with Beaumont Texas see: People from Beaumont, Texas

Notable people

Sister cities

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Beaumont runs three Catholic elementary schools in Beaumont, St. Anne Catholic School, St. Anthony Cathedral Catholic School, and Our Mother of Mercy Catholic School. Monsignor Kelly Catholic High School is the city's lone Catholic high school. Legacy Christian Academy, on Highway 105, enrolls PK-3 through 12th grade. All Saints Episcopal School, on Delaware St., enrolls Kindergarten through 8th grade.

Harmony Science Academy of Beaumont, public charter school. Premier High School of Beaumont, also a public charter school in Beaumont.

High Schools

Beaumont is served by the Beaumont Independent School District.

Primary and secondary schools

Lamar Institute of Technology, located directly adjacent to Lamar University, serves as the region's technical college for two-year degrees and certificates. Originally a part of Lamar University and its predecessors since 1923, Lamar Institute of Technology was chartered in 1949 when the Lamar College Bill was passed. The bill was sponsored in the Texas Legislature by State Representative Jack Brooks and Senator W.R. Cousins, Jr. of Beaumont. Lamar Institute of Technology became a separate entity in 1995.[60][61] As of Fall, 2014, enrollment totaled 2,920 students.

Lamar Institute of Technology

Beaumont has one state university, Lamar University, which belongs to The Texas State University System. Lamar University was established in 1923 as South Park Junior College. The university is currently classified as a national university. It is also classified as a Doctoral Research University by the Carnegie Foundation.[57] With over 100 degrees offered, the university's main academic offerings are in Business, Nursing, Teaching and Engineering. Lamar University's enrollment has grown tremendously in the first decade of the 21st century.[58] This has prompted a building boom at the campus. The school's enrollment as of Fall, 2015 was above 14,966 students.[59]

Lamar University

Colleges and universities


The Oaks Historic District has many restored historic homes.

Beaumont's Jefferson County Courthouse is one of the tallest county courthouses in the state and is an excellent example of Art Deco architecture.[55] Across the street from the Jack Brooks Federal Building is the Kyle Building, built in 1933. The storefront was recently restored and is considered to be one of the best examples of Zig-Zag architecture in Texas.[56]

The Jefferson Theatre was built in 1927 by the Jefferson Amusement Company for $1 million and was Beaumont's showpiece for many years. In 1928 the City Hall and Auditorium was built. It is now the Julie Rogers Theater.

Beaumont has 8 buildings over 100 feet (30 m) tall, the tallest being the Edison Plaza, which is 254 feet (77 m) tall.[52] The old Edson Hotel, built in 1928 is nearly the same height at 240 feet.[53] One of the most prominent downtown buildings is the 15 story San Jacinto Building. Built in 1921, it sports one of the largest four faced clock towers in the nation, each dial being 17 feet (5.2 m) in diameter.[54] In 1922 the 11 story Hotel Beaumont was built across the street from the San Jacinto. The Hotel Beaumont bears a resemblance to the old Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta. The second oil boom of 1925 brought more people and wealth to Beaumont, the same year the 12 story American National Bank Building (now Orleans Building), was erected, and in 1926 Forrest Goodhue built the 12 story Goodhue Building which included a penthouse. In 1928, the Edson Hotel was built. No other buildings were built until Century Tower in 1962 and in 1982 Edison Plaza was built. In 1994 the 12 story LaSalle Hotel, built in 1927, was demolished.

Downtown Beaumont, Texas from Laurel St.


Frequency Call letters / licensed to (if not Beaumont) Format Owner Notes
560 KLVI News, Talk radio Clear Channel
990 KZZB Gospel "Gospel 990" Martin Broadcasting
1150 KBPO (Port Neches) Spanish-language Christian Radio Christian Ministries of the Valley
1250 KDEI (Port Arthur) Catholic radio Radio Maria
1300 KSET (Lumberton) Silent Proctor-Williams, Inc.
1340 KOLE (Port Arthur) Various Birach Broadcasting
1450 KIKR Sports "Sports Radio 1450/1510 AM" Cumulus Broadcasting
1510 KBED (Nederland) Sports "Sports Radio 1450/1510 AM" Cumulus Broadcasting Simulcast of KIKR only during daytime hours
1600 KOGT (Orange) Country
88.1 KLBT Contemporary Christian The King's Musician Educational Foundation
88.5 KGHY Southern Gospel "The Gospel Highway" CCS Radio
89.7 KTXB Christian radio "Family Radio" Family Stations
90.5 KZFT (Fanette) Christian radio AFR
91.3 KVLU Public Radio Lamar University
92.5 KCOL (Groves) Oldies "Cool 92.5" Clear Channel
93.3 (Port Arthur) KQBU Regional Mexican "Que Buena 93.3" Univision
94.1 KQXY CHR "Q94" Cumulus Broadcasting
95.1 KYKR Country "Kicker 95.1" Clear Channel
97.5 KFNC (Mont Belvieu) Sports "ESPN 97.5" Gow Media-Houston
98.5 KTJM (Port Arthur) Regional Mexican "La Raza 98.5/103.3" Liberman Broadcasting-Houston
99.9 KSHN (Liberty) Full service "Shine All 9" Trinity River Valley Broadcasting
100.7 KKHT (Lumberton) Christian radio "100.7 The Word" Salem Broadcasting
101.7 KAYD (Silsbee) Country "KD101" Cumulus Broadcasting
102.5 KTCX Urban contemporary "Magic 102.5" Cumulus Broadcasting
103.3 K277AG (Beaumont) Hip-Pop and R&B "The Beat 103.3" Clear Channel Simulcast of KKMY-HD2
104.5 (Orange) KKMY Rhythmic CHR "104.5 Kiss FM" Clear Channel
105.3 KXXF (Winnie) Mostly rock but varied (with Walton and Johnson mornings Excel Media
106.1 KIOC (Orange) Rock "Big Dog 106" Clear Channel
107.9 KQQK Regional Mexican "107.9 El Norte" Liberman Broadcasting-Houston


The region currently has no PBS station of its own; Houston's PBS on channel 8 and Lake Charles LPB on channel 20 do not reach the area. KUHT has a construction permit for a digital translator on RF 24, which would share KFDM's antenna on 25 but the University of Houston has had financial cutbacks and recently cancelled a translator application in Victoria. What outcome this will have on the Beaumont facility remains to be seen.

  • KBMT (ABC)/DT 12.1 with (NBC) at 720p on 12.2; RF channel 12 / PSIP 12.x with Cozi on 12.3 and MeTV on 12.4. Gannett owns KBMT.
  • (KEBQ-TV9 (Soul Of The South)
  • (KUMY-TV22(Mexicanal) Setx Public Television Corp owns
  • KITU-TV(TBN) 34.1 - 34.5; RF channel 33
  • KUIL-LD/K36ID LMAed by KBMT/London from KVHP; RF channel 43/36 and PSIP 12.5/.6 with MyTV on 12.5 and MundoFOX on 12.6
  • LUTV Lamar University's video service that provides C-SPAN-like coverage on local government proceedings, and original programming from students. It does not have an over the air channel and is available only on cable TV.

KBTV is operated by the same owners of KFDM, Sinclair Broadcast Group.

  • KBTV (FOX) 4.1 with BOUNCE on 4.2; RF channel 40
  • KFDM (CBS)/DT 6.1 with (CW Network on 6.2) RF channel 25 / PSIP 6.x


The Beaumont Enterprise is the only daily newspaper serving Beaumont. Operating since 1880 The Enterprise is one of the oldest continually operated business in Beaumont. It is operated by the Hearst Corporation. Two weekly publications The Examiner and The Southeast Texas Record serve Beaumont and the area. The Examiner is primarily an investigative reporting paper. the Southeast Texas Record is a legal journal that covers Jefferson and Orange County courts.



The university brought back football in 2010. As part of the return, Provost Umphrey Stadium was completely renovated. The return was official when the Cardinals Football team played its first game in 21 years in the fall of 2010. The team currently competes in the Southland Conference as a member of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA).

The sports teams of Lamar University compete in Division I NCAA athletics as the Lamar Cardinals. The athletics program is a full member of the Southland Conference. The Cardinals and Lady Cardinals compete in 17 varsity sports. The Cardinals Basketball team plays in the Montagne Center and Cardinals Baseball Team plays in Vincent-Beck Stadium.

University sports

Professional sports


  • Downtown Winter Parade - On the first Saturday of December, downtown hosts the Beaumont Downtown Winter Parade. The parade features floats that travel down Main, College and Pearl streets. In recent years the parade has also featured a lighted boat parade that travels down the Neches River; spectators can watch from Riverfront Park.
  • Neches River Festival Parade - Part of the Neches River Festival held in April, this is a downtown parade. The festival has been held since 1948.


Event Centre
Event Centre from across the lake
Event Centre across the lake on a rainy, midwinter day 
  • Since 1907, Beaumont has been home of the South Texas State Fair and Rodeo, held at Ford Park during March. It is the 2nd-largest fair in the state, attracting more than 500,000 visitors in 2009.[50] The fair features a livestock show, a commercial exhibition, a carnival midway and numerous food choices. The Fair moved from the Fair Park Coliseum to Ford Park in 2004, a new, larger facility on the west end of Beaumont. The fair was previously held in the fall but was moved to spring after hurricanes Rita in 2005 and Ike in 2008 caused its cancellation twice within three years. YMBL Championship Rodeo is held at Ford Park during the South Texas State Fair. The rodeo is an annual event and is sanctioned by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association. Admission to the rodeo is included in fair admission.
  • The marathon. The Gusher takes place in March and includes a 5K, half marathon and full marathon. The course begins at the Montagne Center of Lamar University and tours Downtown and Lamar before returning to the Montagne.
  • The Beaumont Jazz & Blues Fest is a Jazz festival held in downtown Beaumont since 2005.
  • The Boomtown Film and Music Festival is a film and music festival that began in 2008 to replace the Spindletop Film Festival.
  • Dog Jam is a rock concert held annually at Ford Park.
  • July 4 Celebration - Each year, a July 4 celebration is held in downtown Beaumont. The celebration includes live music in and around Riverfront Park, a concert by the Symphony of Southeast Texas in the Julie Rogers Theatre, followed by a fireworks display viewed from Riverfront Park.
  • Lunch at the Lake Each Monday starting in March, the City of Beaumont provides live music and seating at the Event Centre in downtown Beaumont. Ten vendors feature a wide choice of food selections.


Golf Courses

Downtown Beaumont is the center of Business, Government and night time entertainment in southeast Texas. Downtown features the Crockett Street Entertainment Complex with entertainment options from dancing, to live music to dining or a bar. In addition to the night time entertainment downtown also features a museum district with four distinct museums.

Downtown Beaumont

Within 30 minute drive

  • The Beaumont Botanical Gardens is located at . On its 23.5 acre grounds, it includes a Cattail Marsh, the 10,000 sq ft Warren Loose Conservatory, formal gardens, and a mile nature trail.[46]
  • Tyrrell Park and Cattail Marsh - Botanical Garden, Henry Homberg Municipal Golf Course, a 900-acre Cattail Marsh nature area,[47][48][49] restrooms, shelters, Babe Zaharias Drive Monument, baseball backstop, lighted basketball goals, benches, drinking fountains, 2.8-mile (4.5 km) nature trail, picnic tables
  • Neches River Adventures Sponsored by the Big Thicket Association, two hour eco-tours down the Neches River and bayous are provided from March to November each year. The tour departs from Riverfront Park in downtown Beaumont.

In Beaumont

Tourism and recreation

  • Beaumont Civic Ballet Chartered in 1971, the ballet produces several performances each year, including The Nutcracker.
  • Beaumont Community Players - Begun in 1925, the Beaumont Community Players have performed several plays and musicals each year except for the World War II period. The Community Players have had several homes over the years including Little Theatre at Fair Park and Jefferson Theatre. Performances are now at the Betty Greenburg Center for Performing Arts.
  • Mary Morgan Moore Department of Music - Lamar University presents a variety of jazz, orchestral, opera, choir and chorus, brass, and concert band performances throughout the year.
  • Symphony of Southeast Texas - Founded in 1953 as the Beaumont Symphony Orchestra, the symphony has been performing several performances each year since then. Several guest artists including Van Cliburn and Ferrante & Teicher have appeared with the symphony.

Performing arts

Built in 1903 as First Baptist Church, this building is now Tyrrell Historical Library; a 2010 addition stands on the left
Jefferson Theatre

Other historic buildings

  • Babe Didrikson Zaharias Museum. Museum dedicated to the life of the Beaumont native and accomplished athlete.
  • The Beaumont Art League is the oldest non-profit art gallery in the area, operating for 70 years. The two gallery spaces (at the old Fairgrounds on Gulf Street) host art exhibitions and juried shows year-round, including the notable BAL National Exhibition (formerly the Tri-State Show), which attracts artists from across the country.
  • The Chambers House, built in 1906, this home is open for tours. It is filled with period furniture, personal items, and artifacts used in the home.
  • The Clifton Steamboat Museum opened its doors on 26 October 1995. The theme of the museum is "Heroes... Past, Present, and Future", honoring military and civilian heroes. The Clifton Steamboat Museum consists of a 24,000 square feet (2,200 m2), two-story museum. Exhibits bring to life the wars fought in Southeast Texas and Louisiana, as well as the Steamboat Era, World Wars I and II, Korea, and Vietnam. Upper art galleries of the museum feature original bronze sculptures; Native American artists, wildlife, and frontier paintings from famous artists. A special gallery in the museum is dedicated to the Boy Scouts of America. This gallery features many historical scouting artifacts, some dating before the 1960s. The tugboat, Hercules, 36 feet (11 m) high, 22 feet (6.7 m) wide, and 92 feet (28 m) long, is included on the museum tour. Tours available by appointment only.
  • Dishman Art Museum is the university art museum of Lamar University. The museum features 19th and 20th century European and American Art, as well as Tribal Art from Africa and New Guinea.
  • Edison Museum – about inventor Thomas Edison The museum features exhibits and artifacts about Thomas Edison and his innovations.
  • Fire Museum of Texas – Home of one of world's largest fire hydrants. Antique fire trucks and equipment chronicle the history of firefighting in Texas. Educational programs stress the importance of fire safety.
  • John Jay French House. This historic home is operated as a museum, to illustrate the life of a prosperous Texas pioneer family from 1845 to 1865. French, a tanner and merchant, built his home in 1845; it showcases period furnishings, clothing and pioneer household utensils. Outbuildings on the grounds include a blacksmith shop, tannery, privy and smokehouse.
  • The McFaddin-Ward House, was built in 1905–06 in the Beaux-Arts Colonial style and is located in the Oaks Historic District. The structure and its furnishings reflect the prominent family who lived in the house for seventy-five years. This very large historic home has a substantial carriage house. The complex has a substantial permanent collection of antique furniture and household items. Educational programs focus on history and are geared toward children and adults.
  • Red Lobster's historical marine museum
  • Spindletop-Gladys City Boomtown Museum, this complex includes several reconstructed buildings reminiscent of the original Gladys City. The buildings contain artifacts from the period.
John Jay French Museum
Babe Didrikson Zaharias Museum off Interstate 10 in Beaumont
  • Art Museum of Southeast Texas (AMSET), with its Perlstein Plaza, dedicated in memory of pioneer real estate developer Hyman Asher Perlstein (1869–1947), who arrived in Beaumont in 1889 as a poor Jewish immigrant from Lithuania and eventually became one of the city's major builders.[44] The museum stands on the site of the Perlstein building, which was the tallest structure between Houston and New Orleans when it was erected in 1907. Only one column still remains from the building. AMSET, formerly the Beaumont Art Museum, exhibits 19th–21st century American art with a collecting focus on Texas art and Folk Art and offers 10–14 educational programs in any given year. Admission is free, and is the only museum open seven days per week.
  • Beaumont Children's Museum New, temporary location opening summer, 2015 in the Beaumont Civic Center[45]
  • The Art Studio, Inc. (TASI), a non-profit arts cooperative and art gallery space that rents subsidized space to visual artists. Also hosts poetry readings, music events, film screenings. Housed in a converted warehouse in the industrial district of Beaumont's downtown.
Art Museum of Southeast Texas, notice the last remaining column from the Perlstein Building.

Museums and buildings open for tours

Arts and theatre


The median income for a household in the city was $39,699, according to the American Community Survey (5 year), and the median income for a family was $49,766. The per capita income for the city was $23,137. About 17.6% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% the age of 19 or under, 8.5% from 20 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

There were 45,648 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12.

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 118,296 people, 45,648 households, and 28,859 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,339.4 people per square mile (517.2/km²). There were 48,815 housing units at an average density of 574.2 per square mile (221.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 39.8% White, 47.3% African American, 0.0% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.4% of the population.


Climate data for Beaumont, Texas (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 86
Average high °F (°C) 62.2
Average low °F (°C) 42.5
Record low °F (°C) 11
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.94
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.7 9.8 8.7 6.6 7.8 10.7 11.9 10.8 9.8 7.8 8.5 10.5 113.6
Source: NOAA[40] The Weather Channel (records)[41]

The Beaumont-Port Arthur region has historically been cited as one of the most polluted urban areas in the United States due to various energy industries and chemical plants in the area. Even so, as of July, 2014, the Beaumont-Port Arthur region was not under any Environmental Protection Agency non-attainment restrictions; however, counties in the Greater Houston area, the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, and El Paso were.[37] As of October, 2014, the Beaumont-Port Arthur area was not under any Texas Commission on Environmental Quality attainment compliance deadlines.[38] Regardless, according to an article published in 2007 focusing on Beaumont's neighbor to the south, Port Arthur, pollution was believed to have caused some general area residents to become sick and has generated debates throughout the media.[39]

The city of Beaumont, Texas is within the humid subtropical climate zone.[33] This city is located within the Piney Woods, which cover the eastern region of Texas, as well as adjacent Louisiana.[34] This region of Texas receives the most rainfall in the state, with more than 48 inches (1,200 mm) annually. This is due to the warm gulf waters that carry humid air to the region, where it condenses and precipitates. Hurricanes also strike the region, the most disastrous of which was the Galveston Hurricane of 1900, as well as Hurricane Ike in 2008. Hurricane Ike was the largest and most damaging hurricane to hit Beaumont to date, striking 13 September 2008. Causing $32 billion in damage, it is the third costliest hurricane in United States history.[35] The humidity of the region greatly amplifies the feeling of heat during the summer. The winters are moderated by warm gulf currents. Wintry precipitation is unusual, but does occur. A recent snow event was 24 December 2004, the first such since 1989. However, more recently, Beaumont and the surrounding areas received a light snow on 11 December 2008, with up to 4 inches (100 mm) in the west end. Beaumont and the surrounding areas received a trace to half an inch of light snow on 4 December 2009. These are the earliest measurable snowfalls at the airport since the late 19th century. Although in unofficial records, Beaumont received as much as 30 inches (760 mm) of snow on 14 February and 15 during the blizzard of 1895 that impacted the gulf coast with unusual cold weather. Unofficially the temperature reported a drop to a low of 4 °F (−16 °C) after the storm. The area suffered a severe ice storm in January 1997. On 18 August 2009, a tornado hit the west end of Beaumont, and caused damage to several local businesses and cars. Injuries were minimal.[36]


Beaumont lies on Texas' coastal plain, about 30 miles (48 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico, one hour drive east of Houston, and just south of the dense pine forests of East Texas. The city is bordered on the east by the Neches River and to the north by Pine Island Bayou. Before being settled, the area was crisscrossed by numerous small streams. Most of these streams have since been filled in or converted for drainage purposes. The island directly across from Riverfront Park is called Trinity Island. There are also three other islands in the Neches River around the downtown area/port: Harbor, Smith and Clark.

Beaumont is located at (30.079912, −94.126653).[32] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 85.9 square miles (222 km2), of which 85.0 square miles (220 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (1.07%) is water.


US 69
US 90
US 96
US 287

Major Highways

The city operates a city wide bus system called Beaumont Municipal Transit (BMT).

Groundshuttle operates a daily shuttle to George Bush Intercontinental Airport.

Amtrak's Sunset Limited serves Beaumont's train station.

Jack Brooks Regional Airport (BPT), located 9 miles (14 km) south of Beaumont's central business district, serves the region with regional jet flights nonstop to Dallas/Fort Worth Airport (DFW), Texas with this scheduled passenger service being operated by American Eagle on behalf of American Airlines.


  • Conn's: Chain of appliance and electronic stores; now headquartered in The Woodlands [30]
  • Gulf Oil: Gulf Oil Company founded 1901, now Chevron
  • Humble Oil: 50% of Humble Oil sold to Standard Oil of NJ to build its first refinery in Baytown. Merged and renamed Exxon 1972. Now ExxonMobil
  • Jason's Deli: Fast casual chain with locations in 30 states; still HQed in Beaumont.[26]
  • Magnolia Petroleum Company: Startup began in Corsicana in 1898, but became a major company in Beaumont in 1901. Owned KFDM radio, now 560 KLVI in the 1930s through the 1950s. Its refinery in Beaumont along with Texas Oil Co. & Gulf's in Port Arthur, TX were 3 of the largest in the world. Magnolia later sold 45% ownership to Standard Oil of NY, Socony. Combined companies years later into Mobil now ExxonMobil
  • Port of Beaumont: Young town of Beaumont grew quicker around this harbor about 1840 and would mark the spot that would become the port. Ranks consistently among the top five ports in the country for tonnage
  • Sweet Leaf Tea: A ready-to-drink organic tea company started in Beaumont in 1998 by Clayton Christopher and David Smith, later moved to Austin, TX.
  • The Texas Oil Company: Founded in 1902 just west of Beaumont (Sour Lake, Texas) became Texaco;, now owned/part of Chevron formerly Standard Oil Company of California.
  • The Texas Coffee Company: Home of Seaport Coffees and Texjoy Steak Seasoning among other products distributed regionally. The company was founded in 1921 by Charles J. Fertitta, Sr. In 1968, the Texas Coffee Company became the first company in the United States to begin packaging coffee in vacuum-packed foil bags.[31]

Businesses associated with Beaumont

Jason's Deli has its headquarters in Beaumont.[26] Conn's Appliances did have its headquarters in Beaumont; however, in mid-2012, Conn's moved its corporate headquarters to The Woodlands.[27] Originally Sweet Leaf Tea Company had its headquarters in Beaumont.[28] The headquarters moved to Austin in October 2003.[29]

In addition to companies doing business within the city limits, several large industrial facilities are located within the city's five mile extraterritorial jurisdiction boundaries including the ExxonMobil Beaumont refinery and chemical plants, Goodyear Beaumont chemical plant, and DuPont chemical plant.

A significant element of the region's economy is the Port of Beaumont, the nation's fourth largest seaport by tonnage. The 842d Transportation Battalion, and the 596th Transportation Group are both stationed at the port in Beaumont.

# Employer # of Employees
1 Conn's Appliances Inc 4,615
2 Beaumont Independent School District 2,536
3 ExxonMobil Corporation 1,941
4 ENGlobal Corporation 1,879
5 Christus St. Elizabeth Hospital 1,574
6 Memorial Herman Baptist Hospital 1,517
7 City of Beaumont 1,355
8 Jefferson County 1,206
9 Lamar University 1,183
10 Richard Design Services, Inc. 590
Refineries, Port of Beaumont and the Jefferson County Courthouse

According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report[25] the top employers in the city are:


The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Beaumont Federal Correctional Complex in an unincorporated area in Jefferson County, near Beaumont.[24]

Federal representation

The Texas Department of Transportation operates the Beaumont District Office in Beaumont.[21] The Texas Ninth Court of Appeals is located in the Jefferson County Courthouse in Beaumont.[22] The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Beaumont District Parole Office in Beaumont.[23]

State representation

Position Name Elected to Current Position Areas Represented

Council Districts

  Mayor Becky Ames 2007–present Citywide
  At Large Position 1 Gethrel ‘Get’ Williams-Wright 2007–present Citywide
  At Large Position 2 W.L. Pate, Jr. 2007–present Citywide
  Ward 1 & Mayor Pro-Tem Dr. Alan Coleman 2007–present North Beaumont
  Ward 2 Mike Getz 2011–present West Beaumont
  Ward 3 Audwin M. Samuels 1984–1992, 1999–present Central Beaumont
  Ward 4 Bill Sam, Sr. 2014–present South Beaumont

Beaumont is a council-manager form of government. Elections are held annually, with the Mayor and Council members each serving two-year terms. All powers of the City are vested in the Council, which enacts local legislation, adopts budgets, and determines policies. Council is also responsible for appointing the City Attorney, the City Clerk and Magistrates, and the City Manager. The city council is composed of two councilmembers-at-large, and four councilmembers representing four Wards of the city.[20]


According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $177.5 million in revenues, $164.5 million in expenditures, $633.2 million in total assets, $332.7 million in total liabilities, and $122.2 million in cash and investments.[19]

Local government


In 2005 and 2008, Beaumont and surrounding areas suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Rita and Hurricane Ike. A mandatory evacuation was ordered for residents, lasting about two weeks.

In 1996, the Jefferson County courts, located in Beaumont, became the first court in the nation to implement electronic filing and service of court documents, eliminating the need for law firms to print and mail reams of documents.

In the postwar years, Beaumont's port continued in importance. Although located 90 miles from Houston, the city is now considered part of the widespread Houston metropolitan area. As was typical with other cities, postwar highway construction led to the development of new suburbs and dispersal of population in search of new housing. There has been some renewal in Beaumont downtown and people have rediscovered the river.

When the city became a major center for defense shipbuilding during World War II, tens of thousands of rural Texans migrated there for the new high-paying jobs. The Roosevelt administration ordered the defense industry to be integrated, and many Southern whites were working closely with blacks for the first time. Housing was scarce in the crowded city, and racial tensions increased. In June 1943 after workers at the Pennsylvania shipyard in Beaumont learned that a white woman had accused a black man of raping her, nearly 2,000 went to the jail where a suspect was being held, attracting more men along the way and reaching a total of 4,000.[14] Ultimately the white mob rioted for three days, destroying major black neighborhoods and killing five persons. No one was prosecuted for the deaths. The riot in Beaumont was one of several in 1943 which centered in the defense industry, including Los Angeles,[15] Detroit,[16] Chicago[17] and Mobile, Alabama[18] as well as other cities across the country. The wartime social disruption was similar to war time riots which had occurred in other parts of the country during and following World War I.

William Casper Tyrrell, nicknamed "Captain W.C.", was a leading businessman and oil tycoon in the city in the early 20th century, developing businesses during the Texas Oil Boom. An entrepreneur from Pennsylvania and Iowa, he arrived after the gusher at Spindletop, and invested in development of a commercial port in the city, and an irrigation system to support the local rice industry, as well as residential and retail development of suburban property. He was also a philanthropist. He purchased and donated First Baptist Church, whose congregation had moved to a new facility, to use as the city's first public library, now known as the Tyrrell Historical Library.[13]

was discovered at nearby Spindletop on 10 January 1901. Spindletop became the first major oil field and one of the largest in American history. With the discovery of oil at Spindletop, Beaumont's population more than tripled in two months from 9,000 in January 1901 to 30,000 in March 1901. Oil is, and has always been, a major export of the city, and a major contributor to the national GDP.

Lucas Gusher, Spindletop

The rise of Beaumont's mill economy drew many new residents to the city, many of them immigrants. The first Jewish man in the city was from Louisiana, others migrated from the South, and were joined by immigrants. They worked as merchants and in a variety of jobs in the growing city and ranching area. In 1895 Jews formed their first congregation.[11] By the early 20th century, the city was served by the Southern Pacific; Kansas City Southern, Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe; and Missouri Pacific railroad systems.[12]

The Beaumont Rice Mill, founded in 1892 by Joseph Eloi Broussard, was the first commercial rice mill in Texas. In addition, Broussard established an authority for an irrigation system to support rice culture. This helped stimulate the expansion of rice cultivation from 1500 acres in 1892 to 400,000 acres in 23 counties by his death in 1956.[10] Beaumont's lumber boom, which reached its peak in the late 19th century, was stimulated by the rebuilding and expansion of the railroads in the state and region after the Civil War.

Beaumont became a town on 16 December 1838. Beaumont's first mayor was Alexander Calder.[9] From the town's founding in 1835, business activities included real estate, transportation, and retail sales. Later, other businesses were formed, especially in railroad construction and operation, new building construction, lumber sales, and communications. Beaumont became a successful regional shipping center, as it was a port. Beaumont was a small center for cattle raisers and farmers in its early years. With an active riverport by the 1880s, it became an important lumber and rice-milling town.

. They added more property for a total of 200 acres. Henry Millard This town was named Beaumont, after Jefferson Beaumont, the brother-in-law of [7]) upon which the town was founded.2 Their partnership, J.P. Pulsifer and Company, controlled the first 50 acres (200,000 m[5] They began planning a town to be laid out on this land.[8] (1804–1865) of Pennsylvania .Thomas Byers Huling and [7] Joseph Pulsifer (1805–1861) of Massachusetts,[6] (1796?–1844) of New York,Henry Millard (in total, 50 acres (20 ha)) was purchased by Northerners Santa Anna In 1835 the land of Tevis together with nearby community of [5]

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