World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Austin Steward

Austin Steward
Born 1793
Prince William County, Virginia
Died February 15, 1869(1869-02-15) (aged 75–76)
Cause of death typhoid fever
Resting place Canandaigua, New York
Known for Twenty-Two Years a Slave
Parent(s) Robert and Susan Steward

Austin Steward (1793 – February 15, 1869) was an African-American abolitionist and author. He was born a slave; his autobiography, Twenty-Two Years a Slave, was published in 1857.


Austin Steward was born in Prince William County, Virginia, to Robert and Susan Steward, and was seven years old when he became a house servant on the plantation of Capt. William Helm.[1] Steward taught himself to read in secrecy, for which he was severely beaten.[1] In 1814 he escaped[2] and ran away to Rochester, New York, where in 1817 he created a successful business,[3] opening his own meat market and acquiring considerable property.[1]

In 1831 he went to Canada, where he became president of the board of managers of Wilberforce Colony, a settlement founded by African Americans fleeing the Ohio Black Codes.[1] Steward eventually returned to Rochester in 1837.

His memoir Twenty-Two Years a Slave, and Forty Years a Freeman was published in 1857, detailing his early life of enslavement as well as his struggles at Wilberforce Colony.

He died of typhoid fever on February 15, 1869, and was buried in Canandaigua, New York.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Steward, Austin (1793-1869)",
  2. ^ "Steward, Austin(1793–1865) - Abolitionist, slave, Chronology",
  3. ^ "Austin Steward, From Servitude to Authorship", African American Registry.

External links

  • Works by Austin Steward at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Austin Steward at Internet Archive
  • Twenty-Two Years a Slave, and Forty Years a Freeman; Embracing a Correspondence of Several Years. Rochester, N.Y.: William Alling, 1857.
  • Spartacus Educational:Austin Seward

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.