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Abu al-Rabi Sulayman

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Abu al-Rabi Sulayman

Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman
Sultan of Morocco
Amīr al-Muslimīn
Reign 1308 – 1310
Full name
Abū ar-Rabīʿ Sulaymān al-Marīni
Dynasty Banū Marīn
Born 1289
Died 1310

Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman (أبو الربيع سليمان abū ar-rabīʿ sulaymān) (March 1289 – 23 November 1310)(reigned 28 July 1308 – 23 November 1310) was a Marinid ruler of Morocco. Son or grandson of Abu Yaqub Yusuf and brother of Abu Thabit Amir, whom he succeeded in 1308, at the age of 19.

History

Abu ar-Rabi Sulayman succeeded his brother Abu Thabit Amir as Marinid sultan in July 1308. Abu Thabit had died at Tetouan, while laying siege to Ceuta, then held by Othman ibn Idris, a Nasrid-sponsored pretender to the Marinid throne. It is alleged that emissaries of Abu al-Rabi were party to the talks at Alcalá de Henares in late 1309 between Ferdinand IV of Castile and James II of Aragon directed against the Nasrid sultan Muhammad III of Granada. After Muhammad III was deposed in a place coup by his brother Nasr in March 1309, the Nasrids were quick to repair relations, abandoning the pretender Othman ibn Idris and actively assisting Abu al-Rabi in recovering Ceuta in July 1309.

The Marinids were quick to return the favor. Abu al-Rabi dispatched a Marinid fleet to force the Castilians to lift the siege of Algeciras in January 1310, and dispatched enough North African troops to assist the Granadines to fend off the Aragonese landing near Almeria.

As part of the deal, a marriage treaty was contracted between Abu al-Rabi and a Granadine princess. The Nasrid ruler Nasr of Granada passed over the Iberian towns of Algeciras and Ronda to the Marinids as dowry.

Like his brother before him, Abu al-Rabi Sulayman fell ill and died in November 1310. Without sons of his own, he was succeeded by an uncle, Abu Sa'id Uthman II as Marinid sultan of Morocco.

Preceded by
Abu Thabit Amir
Marinid Dynasty
1308–1310
Succeeded by
Abu Sa'id Uthman II

Sources

  • C.A. Julien, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot (1961, reedit. orig. 1931)
  • C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Edinburgh University Press (2004), pp. 41–42 ISBN 9780748621378
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