World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Northern Athabaskan languages

Article Id: WHEBN0003351051
Reproduction Date:

Title: Northern Athabaskan languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tanacross language, Gwich’in language, Chipewyan language, Tagish language, Tahltan language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Northern Athabaskan languages

Northern Athabascan
Ethnicity: Dene
Alaska, Yukon
Linguistic classification: Dené–Yeniseian?
Glottolog: nort2940[1]

Northern Athabaskan is a geographic sub-grouping of the Athabaskan language family spoken by indigenous peoples in the northern part of North America, particularly in Alaska (Alaskan Athabaskans) and the Yukon. The Northern Athabaskan languages consist of 31 languages that can be divided into seven geographic subgroups.

Southern Alaskan

1. Ahtna (AKA Atna, Ahtena, Copper River)
  • Central Copper River Ahtna
  • Lower Copper River Ahtna
  • Mentasta (AKA Upper Ahtna)
  • Western Ahtna
2. Dena’ina (AKA Tanaina)
  • Lower Inlet Dena’ina
- Outer Inlet
- Iliamna
- Inland
  • Upper Inlet Dena’ina

Central Alaska–Yukon

A. Koyukon

3. Deg Xinag (AKA Deg Hit'an, Kaiyuhkhotana, Ingalik)
  • Lower Yukon River
  • Middle Kuskokwin
4. Holikachuk (AKA Innoko, Innoka-khotana, Tlëgon-khotana)
5. Koyukon (AKA Ten’a, Co-Youkon, Co-yukon)
  • Lower Koyukon (AKA Lower Yukon Koyukon)
  • Central Koyukon (AKA Dinaakkanaaga Ts’inh Huyoza, Koyukuk River Koyukon)
  • Upper Koyukon (AKA Upper Yukon Koyukon)

B. Tanana–Tutchone

6. Upper Kuskokwim (AKA Kolchan, Goltsan)
I. Tanana
7. Lower Tanana (AKA Tanana, Minto, Dandey in, Dineh su, Tananatana)
  • Minto-Tolovana-Toklat-Nenana-Wood River
- Minto-Tolovana
- Toklat
- Nenana
- Wood River
  • Chena
  • Salcha-Goodpastor
8. Tanacross (AKA Tanana, Dandey in, Dineh su, Tananatana)
9. Upper Tanana (AKA Tanana, Dandey in, Dineh su, Tananatana)
  • Nabesna
  • Tetlin
  • Northway
  • Scottie Creek
  • Canadian Upper Tanana
II. Tutchone (AKA Gens de Bois, Gunana, Nahane, Nahani, Tutchonekutchin)
10. Southern Tutchone (sometimes considered to be just a dialect)
11. Northern Tutchone (AKA Mayo) (sometimes considered to be just a dialect)

C. Kutchin–Han

12. Gwich’in (AKA Gwitch’in, Kutchin, Kootchin, Loucheux, Loucheaux, Takudh, Tukudh, "Quarrelers")
  • Alaskan Gwich’in (AKA Western Gwich’in)
  • Canadian Gwich’in (AKA Eastern Gwich’in)
13. Hän (AKA Han, Moosehide, Dawson, Gens du Fou, Han Gwich-in, Han-Kootchin, Hankutchin)

Northwestern Canada

A. Cordillera

I. Central Cordillera (AKA Tahltan-Tagish-Kaska)
14. Tagish (AKA Gunana, Nahane, Nahani, Si-him-E-na, "Stick Indians", Tagisch, Tahgish, Tahkeesh, Tahk-heesh)
15. Tahltan (AKA Nahanni, Keyehotine, Nahane, Nahani, Tahl-tan, Tatltan, Ticaxhanoten, Toltan)
16. Kaska (AKA Nahanni, Nahane, Nahani, Cassiar)
II. Southeastern Cordillera
17. Sekani
18. Danezaa (AKA Beaver, Tsattine, Dunne-za, Deneza, Gens de Castor)

B. Mackenzie

I. Slavey–Hare (AKA Slave)
19. Slavey (AKA Slavey proper, South Slavey, Southern Slavey, Dene Tha, Esclave, Nahane, Nahani, Slave)
20. Mountain (AKA Montagnards, Nahane, Nahani, Sih gotine, Sihta gotine)
21. Bearlake (AKA Satudine, Sahtu gotine, Bear Lake)
22. Hare (AKA Kawchottine, Ka so gotine, Kancho, Kawchodinneh, Rabbitskins, Ta-na-tin-ne)
23. Dogrib (AKA Tli Cho, Tłįchǫ or Thlingchadine)

C. Chipewyan

24. Dene Suline (AKA Chipewyan, Dëne Sųłiné, Dene, Yellowknife, Montagnais, "Northern Indians", Copper Indians, Coppermine Indians, Mithcocoman, Red Knife, T’atsan ottine, Tatsotine, Yellow Knife)


25. Tsetsaut (AKA Ts’ets’aut, Nahane, Nahani, Portland Canal, Wetalth)

Central British Columbia

26. Babine-Witsuwit'en (AKA North Carrier, Babine Carrier, Northern Carrier, Bulkley Valley, Lakes District, Western Carrier)
  • Babine (AKA Nadot’en, Nedut’en, Nat’oot’en)
  • Takla
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.