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Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal)

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Title: Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal)  
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Subject: Nâzım Hikmet, Sulejman Vokshi, Abdullah Pashë Dreni, Mehmet Ali Aybar, Mehmet Ali
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Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal)

Mehmed Ali Pasha
Born Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit
(1827-11-18)November 18, 1827
Brandenburg an der Havel, Prussia, Germany
Died September 7, 1878(1878-09-07) (aged 50)
Kosovo, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Prussia, Ottoman Empire
Occupation Marshal, Chief of Staff of the  Ottoman Army
Known for Delegate of the Ottoman Empire at the 1878 Congress of Berlin

Müşir Mehmed Ali Pasha (November 18, 1827[1] – September 7, 1878[2]) was a German-born Ottoman soldier. He was the grandfather of the Turkish statesman Ali Fuat Cebesoy, and the great-grandfather of famous poets Nâzım Hikmet and Oktay Rıfat Horozcu and the socialist activist, lawyer, and athlete Mehmet Ali Aybar.


  • Biography 1
  • Death 2
  • Sources 3
  • Family tree 4


Mehmed Ali was born in Brandenburg an der Havel, Prussia, as Ludwig Karl Friedrich Detroit (also known as Carl Detroy). The French family name points to Huguenot ancestry, as a descendant of Protestant refugees from France in the 16th or 17th century. In 1843 he ran away to sea, and traveled to the Ottoman Empire,[3] where he embraced Islam. There, in 1846, Aali Pasha, later Grand Vizier, sent him to a military school. He received a commission in the Ottoman army in 1853 and fought against Russia in the Crimean War. He was made a brigadier general and Pasha in 1865.

Painting of the Congress of Berlin by Anton von Werner (far right: Mehmed Ali Pasha)

In the 1877-1878 war against Russia, Mehemet Ali led the Turkish army in Bulgaria. He was successful in his operations on the River Lom (August–September 1877), but was afterward forced back by his opponents. He failed to effect a junction with Suleiman Pasha, and was superseded by the latter. Later in 1878 he was a participant at the Congress of Berlin.


In August 1878, the Ottoman government selected him to overview the process of the cession of the Plav-Gucia region to Montenegro in compliance to the decisions of the Congress of Berlin. Mehmed Ali Pasha's first task was the pacification of the Albanian League of Prizren, which opposed the border change as part of the areas (Plav-Gucia) were Albanian-inhabited. He arrived in Kosovo in late August, but was blocked from any further movement towards the Ottoman-Montenegrin border by the local committees of the Albanian League. Stationed in Abdullah Pasha Dreni's estate with several battalions he was killed after a three-day battle on September 6. [2][3][4][5]


  1. ^ Latif Çelik, Türkische Spuren in Deutschland, Logophon Verlag GmbH, 2008, p. 188.
  2. ^ a b Osman Selim Kocahanoğlu, "Bir Osmanlı Ailesi ve Ali Fuad Cebesoy", Ali Fuat Cebesoy'un Arşivinden Askeri ve Siyasi Belgeler, Temel Yayınları, İstanbul, 2005, ISBN 975-410-092-6, p. 13. (Turkish)
  3. ^ a b  "Mehemet Ali Pasha".  
  4. ^ Ayfer Özçelik, Ali Fuad Cepesoy, Akçağ Yayınları, 1993, ISBN 975-338-006-2, p. 2. (Turkish)
  5. ^ Halil Sedes, 1876-1878 Osmanlı-Rus Savaşları Bosna Hersek ve Bulgaristan İhtilalleri, Çituri Biraderler, İstanbul, 1946, p. 180. (Turkish)

Family tree

Sırp Ömer Lütfi
Mihajlo Latas
Çerkes Hâfız
Macar Ali
Mustafa Celaleddin
Konstanty Borzęcki
Mehmed Ali
Ayşe Sıdıka
Kürt Hafize
Hüseyin Hüsnü
Mehmet Nazım
Macar Ali Rıfat
Hasan Enver
Mehmet Ali Gerede
Eleanor Louisa Bendon
Zekiye Hatice
İsmail Fazıl
Rahmi Arslan
Samih Rıfat
Mustafa Celalettin
Mehmet Ali
Leyla Makbule
Mehmet Ali Cebesoy
Ali Fuat Cebesoy
Mehmet Ali Aybar
Nazım Hikmet Ran
Zeynep Menemencioğlu
Oktay Rıfat Horozcu
İsmail Fazıl Cebesoy
Ayşe Cebesoy Sarıalp
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