World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Johann Kaspar Zeuss

Article Id: WHEBN0000558574
Reproduction Date:

Title: Johann Kaspar Zeuss  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Celtic studies, Hermann Wilhelm Ebel, Gomer, Ticino, Celticists
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Johann Kaspar Zeuss

Johann Kaspar Zeuss
Johann Kaspar Zeuss
Johann Kaspar Zeuss
Born (1806-07-22)July 22, 1806
Kronach, Bavaria
Died November 10, 1856(1856-11-10) (aged 50)
Kronach, Bavaria
Other names Zeuß, Johann Kaspar
Occupation German linguist

Johann Kaspar Zeuss (or Zeuß, 22 July 180610 November 1856) was a German historian and founder of Celtic philology.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Influence 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4

Life

Zeuss was born in Kronach, Upper Franconia, and studied at the gymnasium of Bamberg. His parents wished him to enter the priesthood, but he chose a scholarly career, inclining particularly to historical and linguistic studies. He entered the University of Munich and after graduating, taught at the gymnasium there. In 1837 his book Die Herkunft der Baiern von den Markomannen (The Descent of the Bavarians from the Markomans), which brought him an honorary PhD from the University of Erlangen. The same year he went to Speyer to teach history at the lyceum and remained there until 1847, when he accepted a professorship of history at the University of Munich. This he resigned on account of poor health and was transferred to the lyceum in Bamberg. In 1853 there appeared his monumental Grammatica Celtica, which brought him fame. Two years after he took leave of absence to recover his health, but he died in Kronach the following year.

Influence

Statue of Zeuss in Kronach.

Zeuss was a scholar of great erudition, combining a knowledge of philology with history and ethnology. His Germanic studies had taught him the necessity of knowing Celtic languages, and he went to work to investigate this neglected field. To get at the sources, the old manuscripts, particularly those in Old Irish, he journeyed to Karlsruhe, Würzburg, St. Gallen, Milan, London, and Oxford, and everywhere made extracts or copies. Both ancient and modern dialects received his attention. His Grammatica Celtica proved beyond doubt that the Celtic languages were a group of the Indo-European family, which put Celtic philology on a sound scientific basis. After the author's death the work was revised and re-edited by Hermann Ebel (Berlin, 1871). Other works by Zeuss are Traditiones possessionesque Wirzenburgenses (1842) and Die Freie Reichstadt Speyer vor ihrer Zerstörung (The Free Imperial City of Speyer before its Destruction).

See also

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.