World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Iphianassa

Article Id: WHEBN0000080542
Reproduction Date:

Title: Iphianassa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cave of the Lakes, Proetus, Endymion (mythology), Iphis
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Iphianassa

In Greek mythology, Iphianassa (; Ίφιάνασσα Īphianassa "strong queen") is a name that refers to several characters.

Daughter of Agamemnon

In the Iliad,[1] Iphianassa is an obscure and controversial daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra, sister to Laodice[2] and Chrysothemis, sometimes considered identical to Iphigeneia.[3]

Extant plays by Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides on the tale of Orestes and Electra do not include her as a character. This is consistent with the theory that she and Iphigeneia are one and the same. On the other hand, Sophocles does mention her, and hints that she lives in the palace of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, together with Electra and Chrysothemis.[4]

Lucretius, in De Rerum Natura, mentions Iphianassa being sacrificed by her father on the altar of the "Virgin of the Crossways" (Triviai virginis) Diana[5] at Aulis as an offering to ensure a successful voyage, in undoubted reference to the tradition of Iphigeneia. Lucretius cited this episode to make the point: "Superstition (religio) was able to induce so great an evil."[6]

Other characters

Iphianassa also refers to:

Notes

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad, 9. 155, 287
  2. ^ This Laodice might or might not be the same figure as Electra, and therefore poses a problem parallel to that of Iphianassa : Iphigeneia
  3. ^ "An Iphianassa is listed as one of three daughters of Agamemnon and Clytemnaestra, but there is significant ambiguity as to Iphianassa's relation to or identity with Iphigeneia": Mary B. Hollinshead, "Against Iphigeneia's Adyton in Three Mainland Temples", American Journal of Archaeology, 89 1985:419ff.
  4. ^ Sophocles, Electra, 158
  5. ^ Roman Artemis, but compare Hecate.
  6. ^ Lucretius, De Rerum Natura, i, 84-101.
  7. ^ Lucian, Dialogues of the Sea-Gods, 14
  8. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 7. 6
  9. ^ Robert Graves, The Greek Myths 1960, 64a.
  10. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5. 1. 4
  11. ^ William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 2, page 16, under Endymion
  12. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 2. 2
  13. ^ Servius on Virgil, Eclogue 6, 48
  14. ^ Graves 1960,72.g, j, k.
  15. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 8. 295 - 297
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.