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Hopelchén Municipality

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Hopelchén Municipality

Hopelchén
Municipality
Skyline of Hopelchén
Coat of arms of Hopelchén
Coat of arms
Hopelchén is located in Mexico
Hopelchén
Hopelchén
Coordinates:
Country  Mexico
State Campeche
Municipal seat Hopelchén
Government
 • Municipal president Julio Alberto Sansores Sansores (2006–09)
Area
 • Total 7,460.27 km2 (2,880.43 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 37,777
 • Density 5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Spanish foundation 1621
City status February 26, 1959
Website www.hopelchen.gob.mx

Hopelchén (Yucatec Maya: "place of five wells") is one of the 11 municipalities in the Mexican state of Campeche. It is situated inland in the north of the state. The municipal seat, and largest settlement, is the city of Hopelchén.

History and geography

The municipality of Hopelchén is bordered to the north and east by the state of Yucatán; to the south by the municipality of Calakmul, and to the west by the municipalities of Champotón, Campeche, Tenabo and Hecelchakán.

It covers 7,460.27 km², accounting for 13% of the state's total surface area.

Demographics

The 2005 INEGI census reported a population of 34,687, down from 36,271 in 1990. Of the 1990 figure, 17,664 spoke one of several indigenous languages, predominantly Yucatec Maya with 14,983 and Ch'ol with 2,039; the total number of indigenous language speakers had fallen to 15,416 by 2005.As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 37,777.[1]

As of 2010, the city of Hopelchén had a population of 7,295.[1] Other than the city of Hopelchén, the municipality had 269 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: Bolonchén de Rejón (3,975), Vicente Guerrero (3,198), classified as urban, and Dzibalchén (2,340), Ukum (2,019), Xmabén (1,228), Suc-Tuc (1,179), and Chunchintok (1,086), classified as rural.[1]

Climate

Climate data for Hopelchén
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
31.2
(88.2)
33.4
(92.1)
35.5
(95.9)
36
(97)
34.4
(93.9)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
33
(91.4)
31.7
(89.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.2
(84.6)
32.63
(90.75)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
18.2
(64.8)
19.2
(66.6)
19
(66.2)
18.8
(65.8)
19
(66)
18.7
(65.7)
18
(64)
16
(60.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.36
(63.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
30
(1)
23
(0.9)
41
(1.6)
97
(3.8)
173
(6.8)
137
(5.4)
175
(6.9)
226
(8.9)
117
(4.6)
50
(2)
28
(1.1)
1,125
(44.1)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Heritage

The Maya archaeological sites of Chunan-Tunich, Dzibilnocac, Santa Rosa Xtampak, Hochob and Pak-Chén are located in the municipality. It is also home to two cave complexes: Chuncedro and Xtacumbilxuna’an

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  • Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
  • Hopelchén Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

External links

  • Ayuntamiento de Hopelchén Official website (Spanish)
  • Municipio de Hopelchén from official Campeche state government website (Spanish)
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