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Georgetown University

Georgetown University
Georgetown University Seal
Former names
Georgetown College (1789–1814)
Motto Utraque Unum (Latin)
Motto in English
Both into One[a]
Established January 23, 1789[1]
Type Private nonprofit university
Affiliation Roman Catholic (Jesuit)
Endowment $1.461 billion (2014)[2]
Chairman William Doyle[3]
President John J. DeGioia
Vice-president Christopher Augostini
Provost Robert Groves
Academic staff
Total: 2,173[4]
(1,291 full-time / 882 part-time)
Administrative staff
1,500[5]
Students 17,849[4]
Undergraduates 7,636[d]
Postgraduates 10,213
Location Washington, D.C., US
Campus Urban 104 acres (42.1 ha)[6]
College yell Hoya Saxa
Colors Blue & Gray
         
Athletics NCAA Division IBig East
Patriot League (football)
MAISA; EARC
Sports 23 varsity sports teams[7]
11 men's and 12 women's
Nickname Hoyas
Mascot Jack the Bulldog
Affiliations
Website .edugeorgetown

Georgetown University is a Qatar.

Georgetown's founding by the Society of Jesus and of church authorities.

Comprising 9 undergraduate and graduate schools, the university has about 7,000 more than a dozen countries, royalty and diplomats.

Campus organizations include the country's men's basketball team that has won a record-tying seven Big East championships, appeared in five Final Fours, and won a national championship in 1984.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Founding 1.1
    • Civil War 1.2
    • Expansion 1.3
    • Jesuit tradition 1.4
  • Academics 2
    • Faculty 2.1
    • Research 2.2
    • Admissions 2.3
  • Campuses 3
    • Main campus 3.1
    • Law Center campus 3.2
    • Facilities abroad 3.3
  • Student life 4
    • Student groups 4.1
    • Activism 4.2
    • Media 4.3
    • Greek life 4.4
    • Events 4.5
  • Athletics 5
  • Alumni 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • Bibliography 9
  • External links 10

History

Founding

Jesuit settlers from England founded the Province of Maryland in 1634.[9] However, the 1646 defeat of the Royalists in the English Civil War led to stringent laws against Roman Catholic education and the extradition of known Jesuits from the colony, including Andrew White, and the destruction of their school at Calverton Manor.[1] During most of the remainder of Maryland's colonial period, Jesuits conducted Catholic schools clandestinely. It was not until after the end of the American Revolution that plans to establish a permanent Catholic institution for education in the United States were realized.[10]

American Revolution allowed for the free practice of religion.

Because of Benjamin Franklin's recommendation, Pope Pius VI appointed former Jesuit John Carroll as the first head of the Roman Catholic Church in America, even though the papal suppression of the Jesuit order was still in effect. Carroll began meetings of local clergy in 1783 near Annapolis, Maryland, where they orchestrated the development of a new university.[11] On January 23, 1789, Carroll finalized the purchase of the property on which Dahlgren Quadrangle was later built.[12] Future Congressman William Gaston was enrolled as the school's first student on November 22, 1791, and instruction began on January 2, 1792.[11]

During its early years, Georgetown College suffered from considerable financial strain, relying on private sources of funding and the limited profits from local lands owned by ex-Jesuits.[13] The Maryland Society of Jesus began its restoration in 1805, and Jesuit affiliation, in the form of teachers and administrators, bolstered confidence in the college.[14] The Medical School was founded in 1851.[16]

Civil War

Union soldiers across the Potomac River from Georgetown University in 1861

The rowing team, adopted blue, used for Union uniforms, and gray, used for Confederate uniforms, as its colors to signify the peaceful unity among students.[18] Subsequently, the school adopted these as its official colors.

Enrollment did not recover from the war until the presidency of Patrick Francis Healy from 1873 to 1881. Born a slave by law, Healy was the first acknowledged head of a predominantly white American university with African heritage.[b] He is credited with reforming the undergraduate curriculum, lengthening the medical and law programs, and creating the Alumni Association. One of his largest undertakings was the construction of a major new building, subsequently named Healy Hall in his honor. For his work, Healy is known as the school's "second founder."[19]

Expansion

Patrick Francis Healy helped transform the school into a modern university after the Civil War.

After the founding of the Law Department in 1870, Healy and his successors hoped to bind the professional schools into a university, and focus on School of Dentistry became independent of the School of Medicine in 1956.[22] The School of Business was created out of the SFS in 1957, and in 1998 was renamed the McDonough School of Business in honor of alumnus Robert E. McDonough.[23]

Besides expansion of the University, Georgetown also aimed to expand its resources and student body. The School of Nursing has admitted female students since its founding, and most of the university was made available on a limited basis by 1952.[24] With the College of Arts and Sciences welcoming its first female students in the 1969–1970 campus in Qatar.[28]

Jesuit tradition

Students studying outside Wolfington Hall Jesuit Residence

Georgetown University was founded by former Jesuits in the tradition of

  • Official website
  • Official Athletics website

External links

Bibliography

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References

a Utraque Unum is Latin from Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians 2:14. See official explanation. Other translations available.

b While Patrick Francis Healy inherited African ancestry from his mother and was consequently classified as racially black according to the "one-drop rule" of 19th-century American society, he self-identified racially as white and ethnically as Irish American.

c The undergraduate class of 2016 are students who begin school in August 2012, as the expected matriculation is four years.

d The total undergraduate enrollment numbers 7,636 students. However, the Traditional Undergraduate Student Population, (which is defined as undergraduate students taking at least one course at Georgetown's main campus, excluding non-degree students and students returning for a second degree in nursing but including students studying abroad, required by the 2010 Campus Plan not to exceed 6,675 students) numbered 6,684 students in Fall 2013. See 2013-2014 Compliance Report for the 2010 Campus Plan (page 14)

Notes

[245] King

Eight former heads of state are alumni. Former President of the United States Bill Clinton is a 1968 graduate of the School of Foreign Service, and other former world leaders include Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica,[231] Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo of the Philippines,[232] Saad Hariri of Lebanon,[233] and Alfredo Cristiani of El Salvador. Two SFS graduates are also currently elected presidents, Dalia Grybauskaitė of Lithuania, who completed a six-month program in 1992,[234] and Željko Komšić, one of the tripartite Presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[235] Six alumni serve in the United States Senate, and thirteen in the House of Representatives. Current congressional alumni include Dick Durbin, Senate minority whip, and Steny Hoyer, House minority whip.[236] Governor Pat Quinn of Illinois graduated from the SFS in 1971 while Governor Terry McAuliffe of Virginia received his J.D. from the Law Center in 1984.[237][238] On the U.S. Supreme Court, alumni include current Associate Justice Antonin Scalia and former Chief Justice Edward Douglass White.[230] Members of the current Obama Administration cabinet include Treasury Secretary Jack Lew who graduated from the law school in 1983 and White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough who received his master's degree in 1996.

[230], the Notable Names Database, lists 493 notable alumni as of 2015.NNDB [223] Georgetown graduates have been recipients of 23 [223] Georgetown graduates have found success in a wide variety of fields, and have served at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. Immediately after graduation, about 54–61% of undergraduates enter the workforce, while others go on to additional education.

Three older, white men in suits and ties stand on a stone balcony, with trees and brick buildings behind them.
John J. DeGioia meets on campus with U.S. President Bill Clinton, SFS graduate from 1968, and his White House Chief of Staff John Podesta, Law Center graduate from 1976.

Alumni

The sailing team has won nine national championships since 2001,[213] as well as one World Championship in match racing.[214] Over that time they have graduated 79 All-Americans and 6 College Sailors of the year. Georgetown has been nationally successful in both cross country and track and field,[215] and in 2011, the women's cross country team won Georgetown's only other NCAA Championship.[216] The rowing teams are perennial contenders as well for national titles.[217] rugby club team also made it to the Division II Final Four in 2005 and 2009.[222]

The NBA alumni are collectively among the highest earners from a single program.[212]

Georgetown has many additional groups representing national, ethnic, and linguistic interests. Georgetown's has the second most politically active student body in the United States according to the There Goes Old Georgetown The school's teams are called "Hoyas", a name whose origin is uncertain. Sometime before 1893, students well versed in classical languages invented the mixed

[205] and over one-hundred have gone on to play professionally.[204] Georgetown fields 23 varsity teams and the Club Sports Board supports an additional 23 club teams. The varsity teams participate in the

A African-American teenage basketball player wearing a gray uniform looks over his shoulder at another playing in a blue uniform. Behind them are fans and a basketball hoop with the word
Basketball stars like Roy Hibbert have led the Hoyas to seven Big East championships.

Athletics

Georgetown University has several student-run newspapers. Nostra aetate These are frequently important [201] Georgetown University hosts notable speakers each year, largely because of the success of the Georgetown Lecture Fund and the Office of Communications.

NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament.[200]

Gaston Hall is a venue for many events, such as speeches from U.S. President Barack Obama.

Annual events on campus celebrate Georgetown traditions, culture, alumni, sports, and politics. In late April, Georgetown University celebrates Georgetown Day.[196] Besides the full-day carnival, the day rewards the best professor of the year with the Dorothy Brown Award, as voted by students. Halloween is celebrated with public viewings of alumnus William Peter Blatty's film The Exorcist, which takes place in the neighborhood surrounding the university.[197]

Events

[195] The Zeta Psi chapter, named Gamma Epsilon, was chartered in March 2009 after a year as a colony.[194], which lost its charter in 2006.Delta Sigma Pi The Omega Lambda chapter of professional business fraternity Alpha Kappa Psi replaced [193] Sigma Phi Epsilon chartered its chapter as a general social fraternity in 2007.[192] Active fraternities at Georgetown include

[187] Although Jesuit schools are not obliged to disassociate from Greek systems, many do, and Georgetown University officially recognizes and funds only one of the many Greek organizations on campus,

A yellow three story town house with steps in front and a small lawn with shrubs and trees.
3401 Prospect St, home to ΔΦΕ.

Greek life

The University has a campus-wide television station, GUTV, which began broadcasting in 1999. The station hosts an annual student webcast and on 92.3 FM in certain dormitories. The station was founded in 1946, and broadcast on 90.1 FM from 1960 to 1979, when university president Timothy S. Healy gave away the frequency and broadcast capabilities to the University of the District of Columbia because of WGTB's far left political orientation. The station now broadcasts through the Internet in its headquarters in the Leavey Center.[185]

was a former student humor magazine, published from 1993 to 1998. The Gonzo [183], restarted in 2008 after a hiatus, targets traditionalist The Georgetown Academy

Several young men and women sit in office chairs working at computers around a room where the walls are covered in printed pages. A central wood table and bookcases are featured.
The Hoya student newspaper office in the Leavey Center

both run online blogs, and there are other popular blogs written about the school and its sports teams. The Georgetown Voice and The Hoya [178], Pacem in terris, and the Building Bridges Seminar.[202]

Media

[173] the school remains opposed to the coverage of contraception.[172] The

[166].

Georgetown University student organizations include a diverse array of groups focused on social justice issues, including organizations run through both Student Affairs and the Center for Social Justice. Oriented against gender violence, Fair Trade successfully advocated for all coffee in campus cafeterias to be Fair Trade Certified.[165]

A college-aged female in jacket and scarf holds the microphone attachment of a bullhorn while other students hold protest signs behind her. Two with large red X's over the words read
H*yas for Choice protest outside the Intercultural Center in Red Square, which is often used for campus activism.

Activism

[162] Another student-run group, the Georgetown Emergency Response Medical Service, "GERMS", is an all-volunteer ambulance service founded in 1982 that serves campus and the surrounding communities. Georgetown's

In addition to student organizations and clubs, Georgetown University is home to the nation's largest entirely student-owned and -operated corporation, investment funds in the United States, and hosted CNBC's Jim Cramer to tape Mad Money in September 2006.[158]

[153] There are a total of seven

[149] Georgetown's student organizations include one of the nation's oldest debating clubs, the

Two young white men sit at a table with several teenage African American students mingle around it, and one signs a paper on it. Also on the table is a laptop.
Students volunteer at a D.C. inner-city school

As of 2012, 92.89% of Georgetown University undergraduates are involved in at least one of the 179 registered student organizations which cover a variety of interests: student government, club sports, media and publications, performing arts, religion, and volunteer and service.[142] Students also operate campus stores, banks, and medical services. Students often find their interests at the Student Activities Commission Club Fair, where both official and unofficial organizations set up tables.[143] The Advisory Neighborhood Commission.[144]

Student groups

Almost all undergraduates attend full-time.[136] A majority of undergraduates, 76%, live on-campus in several dormitories and apartment complexes, including all underclassmen.[137] As of 2011, 1255 undergraduates and 339 graduate students live off-campus, mostly in the Glover Park, Burleith, and Foxhall neighborhoods.[138] Although many of the University's hall directors and area coordinators attend graduate level courses, on-campus housing is not available for main campus graduate students.[139] The school hopes to build such housing by 2020.[140] All students in the Medical School live off-campus, most in the surrounding neighborhoods, with some in Northern Virginia and elsewhere through the region.[141]

A 2007 survey of undergraduates also suggests that 62.8% are sexually active, while 6.2% identify as hipster U.S. college,[134] while People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals considered it the third most vegan friendly small U.S. school.[135]

Although it is a Jesuit university, only 41% of the student body identify as Bahá'i, Buddhist, and Mormon traditions.[128] The student body consists of both religious and non-religious students, and more than four-hundred freshmen and transfer students attend a nonreligious Ignatian retreat annually, called ESCAPE.[129][130]

Students celebrate Georgetown Day in late spring with a campus carnival.

The Georgetown undergraduate student body, at 7,636 as of 2014, is composed primarily of students from outside the study abroad destination in 2009–10.[123] In 2014–2015, the racial diversity of the undergraduate student body was 57.0% white, 8.8% Asian, 6.2% black, and 7.5% Hispanic; Additionally, 55.1% of undergraduates are female.[124]

Student life

In 2002, the Center for Transnational Legal Studies in London, England.[120]

[116].Islamic studies, and architectural history, Turkish language, on the Mediterranean. The Center operates study abroad programs one semester each year, concentrating on Alanya Castle-era Seljuq, Turkey within the Alanya The school is in the town of [115] In December 1979, the

A yellow stucco building with a red clay roof and several arched doors and windows, surrounded by green shrubs.
Villa Le Balze in Fiesole, Italy hosts interdisciplinary studies.

Facilities abroad

The Law Center campus is located in the Capitol Hill neighborhood on New Jersey Avenue, near Union Station and consists of five buildings. First-year students at the Law Center can live in the single on-campus dormitory, the Gewirz Student Center.[110] Most second- and third-year students, as well as some first-year students, live off-campus. As there is little housing near the Law Center, most are spread throughout the Washington metropolitan area.[111] The "Campus Completion Project", finished in 2005, saw the addition of the Hotung International Building and the Sport and Fitness Center. G Street and F Street are closed off between 1st and 2nd Streets to create open lawns flanking McDonough Hall, the main building on the campus.[112]

The Hotung International Law Center and GULC fitness center were built next to the Gewirz Student Center in 2005.

Law Center campus

[109] As a location,

In the last decade, the West side of the Hilltop has emerged as a new developing area of the main campus. The university completed the Southwest Quadrangle Project in late 2003, and brought a new 907-bed upperclassmen residence hall, the Leo J. O'Donovan dining hall, an large underground parking facility, and a new Jesuit Residence to the campus.[103] The school's first high school, is located on the northeast side of campus, on land adjoining the undergraduate campus.[106]

The Medical campus includes the historic Medical-Dental Building, the Dahlgren Memorial Library, and other research and classroom facilities. [102]

Georgetown's undergraduate and medical school campuses are situated on an elevated site above the LEED Silver criteria.[97]

Main campus

Georgetown University has four campuses in Washington, D.C.: the undergraduate campus, the quadrangle design.[94]

Georgetown University's main campus is built on a rise above the Potomac River.

Campuses

The undergraduate schools maintain a restrictive ACT, though does not consider the writing portion of either.[91] Over 55% of undergraduates receive financial aid, and the university meets 100% of demonstrated need, with an average financial aid package of $23,500 and about 70% of aid distributed in the forms of grants or scholarships.[92]

[89] Admission to Georgetown has been deemed "most selective" by

University rankings
National
ARWU[75] 105–125
Forbes[76] 23
U.S. News & World Report[77] 21
Washington Monthly[78] 102
Global
ARWU[79] 301–400
QS[80] 200
Times[81] 173

Admissions

Centers which conduct and sponsor research at Georgetown include the Georgetown Public Policy Review.

In 2012, Georgetown spent $180 million on research, ranking it 108th nationwide.[70] In 2007, it received about $14.8 million in federal funds for research, with 64% from the HPV vaccine for cervical cancer[73] and Conditionally Reprogrammed Cells (CRC) technology.[74]

. Virginia Tech and Columbia University Cross-institutional research is performed with [69] considered by the [65] Georgetown University is a self-described "student-centered research university"

A large brutalist building with a tall boxlike structure at its front entrance siting in front of a wide green lawn with several trees and a brick walkway.

Research

The current faculty includes scholars such as the former President of the ambassadors and heads of state, such as Prime Minister of Spain José María Aznar, Saudi Ambassador Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, and President of Colombia Álvaro Uribe.[62][63][64]

As of 2012, Georgetown University employed 1,354 full-time and 880 part-time faculty members across its three Washington, D.C. campuses,[4] with additional staff at Barack Obama's presidential campaign.[57][58]

A bald middle aged man in a suit at a table speaks into microphone. Behind him several signs read World Economic Forum.
University president John J. DeGioia is also a faculty member in philosophy.

Faculty

Each graduate school offers at least one double degree with another graduate school.[52] Additionally, the Law Center offers a joint degree with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.[53] The School of Continuing Studies includes the Center for Continuing and Professional Education, and operates four types of degree programs, over thirty professional certificates and non-degree courses, undergraduate and graduate degrees in Liberal Studies, as well as summer courses for graduates, undergraduates, and high school students.[54]

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Law Center, the School of Medicine, the McCourt School of Public Policy, and the School of Continuing Studies. Masters students occasionally share some advanced seminars with undergraduates, and most undergraduate schools offer abbreviated bachelors and masters programs following completion of the undergraduate degree. The McDonough School of Business and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service both offer masters programs. The School of Foreign Service is renowned for its academic programs in international affairs. Its graduate program was ranked first in the world by Foreign Policy and its undergraduate program was ranked fourth.[50] The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies also offer a Master's of Arab Studies, as well as certificates.[51]

Georgetown University offers undergraduate degrees in forty-eight study abroad, and about 50% of the undergraduate student body spends time at an institution overseas.[49]

Healy Hall houses classrooms and the university's executive body.

As of 2014, the University has 7,636 undergraduate students, and 10,213 graduate students.[4] Advanced Placement credit.[47]

Academics

Between 1996 and 1999, crucifixes were added to many classroom walls, attracting national attention.[41] Before 1996, crucifixes had hung only in hospital rooms and historic classrooms.[42] Some of these crucifixes are historic works of art, and are noted as such.[43] According to Imam Yahya Hendi, the school's on-campus Muslim cleric, pressure to remove the crucifixes comes from within the Catholic community, while he and other campus faith leaders have defended their placement.[44] The Intercultural Center is an exception to this controversy, rotating displays of various faith and culture symbols in the lobby.[45]

The role that Georgetown's Catholic heritage has played in its policies has been controversial at times, even as its influence is relatively limited.[33] Stores in University-owned buildings are not allowed to sell or distribute Cardinal Newman Society for hosting speeches from prominent pro-choice politicians, including John Kerry and Barack Obama,[37][38] and from Washington's Archbishop, Donald Wuerl, for inviting Kathleen Sebelius to be a commencement speaker.[39] The university does host the Cardinal O'Connor Conference on Life every January to discuss the pro-life movement.[40]

[32]

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