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Forest Dewey Dodrill

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Title: Forest Dewey Dodrill  
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Subject: Henry Opitek, Artificial heart, Harper University Hospital, Cardiopulmonary bypass, University of Michigan Medical School alumni
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Forest Dewey Dodrill

Forest Dewey Dodrill
Born (1902-01-26)January 26, 1902
Webster Springs, West Virginia
Died June 28, 1997(1997-06-28) (aged 95)
Baltimore, MD
Nationality United States
Fields surgery
Institutions Harper University Hospital, Wayne State University
Alma mater Harvard Medical School
University of Michigan
Known for Open heart surgery

Forest Dewey Dodrill (January 26, 1902 - June 28, 1997) born in Webster Springs, West Virginia was a doctor at Harper University Hospital at Wayne State University in Michigan who performed the first successful open heart surgery using a mechanical pump.[1]

After receiving a bachelor's degree from West Virginia University in 1925, he attended Harvard Medical School, graduating in 1930. Dodrill was an intern and resident at Harper Hospital in Detroit where he became a staff surgeon. He did a thoracic surgical residency at the University of Michigan in the early 1940s, receiving a M.Ch. degree from in 1942.[2]

On July 3, 1952 Dodrill completed the first successful open heart surgery on the left ventricle of Henry Opitek. He used a machine developed by himself and researchers at General Motors, the Dodrill-GMR, considered to be the first operational mechanical heart used while performing open heart surgery.[3][4][5]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ American Heart Association. The Mechanical Heart celebrates 50 lifesaving years. 22 10 2002. 9 Feb 2008
  4. ^ Wayne State University | School of Medicine
  5. ^

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