World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eismitte

Article Id: WHEBN0000569237
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eismitte  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1930 in science, 1931 in science, History of Greenland, Northeast Greenland National Park, Oymyakon
Collection: 1930 in Science, 1931 in Science, Arctic Expeditions, History of Greenland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Eismitte

Eismitte is located in Greenland
Eismitte
Location within Greenland
Station Eismitte in 1930

Eismitte, in English also called Mid-Ice, was the site of an Arctic expedition in the interior of Greenland that took place from July 1930 through August 1931, and claimed the life of noted German scientist Alfred Wegener.

The name "Eismitte" means Ice-Center in German, and the campsite was located 402 kilometers (250 mi) from the coast at an estimated altitude of 3,000 meters (9,843 feet). The coldest temperature recorded during the expedition was −64.9 °C (−85 °F), while the warmest temperature noted was −2.8 °C (27 °F). For the 12-month period beginning September 1, 1930 and ending August 31, 1931, the warmest month, July, had a mean monthly temperature of −12.2 °C (10 °F), while the coldest month, February, averaged −47.2 °C (−53 °F). Over the same period a total of 110 millimeters (4.33 inches) of water-equivalent precipitation was recorded, with most of it, rather surprisingly, being received in winter. At the latitude of the camp, the sun does not set between May 13 and July 30 each year, and does not rise between November 23 and January 20.

Contents

  • Sorge pit 1930 1
  • Climate 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5

Sorge pit 1930

Ernst Sorge was a member of the Alfred Wegener Expedition to Eismitte in central Greenland from July 1930 to August 1931. He hand-dug a 15 m deep pit adjacent to his beneath-the-surface snow cave, which served as his living quarters during his seven-month-long wintering-over stint. Sorge was the first to systematically and quantitatively study the near-surface snow/firn strata from inside his pit. After meticulous examination of the structural features and careful measurement of continuous density and other physical properties within the pit profile, Sorge determined the characteristics of the individual limits of annual snow accumulation. This research validated the feasibility of measuring the preserved annual snow accumulation cycles, like measuring frozen precipitation in a rain gauge.[1]

Climate

Climate data for Eismitte Station
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −15
(5)
−22
(−8)
−15
(5)
−12
(10)
−8
(18)
−5
(23)
−2
(28)
−5
(23)
−8
(18)
−13
(9)
−18
(0)
−19
(−2)
−2
(28)
Average high °C (°F) −36
(−33)
−41
(−42)
−33
(−27)
−25
(−13)
−14
(7)
−10
(14)
−7
(19)
−11
(12)
−15
(5)
−30
(−22)
−36
(−33)
−33
(−27)
−24.2
(−11.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −41
(−42)
−47
(−53)
−39
(−38)
−31
(−24)
−20
(−4)
−16
(3)
−12
(10)
−18
(0)
−21
(−6)
−35
(−31)
−42
(−44)
−38
(−36)
−30
(−22.1)
Average low °C (°F) −47
(−53)
−53
(−63)
−46
(−51)
−38
(−36)
−27
(−17)
−22
(−8)
−17
(1)
−25
(−13)
−28
(−18)
−41
(−42)
−49
(−56)
−43
(−45)
−36.3
(−33.4)
Record low °C (°F) −64
(−83)
−64
(−83)
−65
(−85)
−58
(−72)
−45
(−49)
−30
(−22)
−28
(−18)
−35
(−31)
−38
(−36)
−56
(−69)
−58
(−72)
−56
(−69)
−65
(−85)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
20
(0.79)
60
(2.35)
Average relative humidity (%) 80 77 79 82 84 81 86 84 84 81 79 78 81.3
Source: [2]

See also

External links

  • Hourly meteorological observations at station Eismitte by Johannes Georgi (doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.604003).

References

  1. ^ Langway CC Jr. (Jan 2008). "The History of Early Polar Ice Cores" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Climate Eismitte, Greenland". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.