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Constantino de Bragança

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Constantino de Bragança

Constantino de Bragança
Constantino de Bragança
Viceroy of Portuguese India
In office
1558–1561
Monarch King Dom Sebastian of Portugal
Preceded by Dom Francisco Barreto
Succeeded by Dom Francisco Coutinho
Captain of Ribeira Grande
In office
1562 – 1570?
Monarch Dom Sebastian of Portugal
Preceded by Dom Manuel de Andrade
Succeeded by Office eliminated
Personal details
Born 1528
Kingdom of Portugal
Died July 15, 1575(1575-07-15) (aged 47)
Kingdom of Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Spouse(s) Maria de Melo

Dom Constantino of Braganza (1528–1575) was a Portuguese statesman and military commander of the 16th century. He was a member of the Most Serene House of Braganza.

Biography

He was the son of Dom James, 4th Duke of Braganza from his second marriage.

When he was 19 years old, he was appointed by King Dom John III of Portugal as his special ambassador to the baptism ceremony of King Henry II of France's son.

In 1558, he was appointed by the regent Dona Catherine of Habsburg (King Dom John III's widow) as the 20th Governor of Portuguese India, using also the title of 7th Viceroy. He left Lisbon on April 7, 1558, and arrived in Goa on September 3.

He was a remarkable organizer of the local State, and he conquered Daman, Ceylon (nowadays known as Sri Lanka) and the island of Manar.

A first expedition, led by Viceroy Dom Constantino de Bragança in 1560, failed to subdue Jaffna, but captured Mannar Island.[1] By June 1619, despite sharp resistance from Cankili II of Jaffna, there were two Portuguese expeditions; a naval expedition that was repulsed by the Malabari corsairs and another expedition by Dom Phillippe de Oliveira and his land army of 5000, which defeated Cankili and conquered Jaffna, strengthening Portuguese control of shipping routes through the Palk Strait.[2]

His government in India took three years and eight days, and during that period he made important reforms. He was considered by the historian C. R. Boxer one of the most fanatic Portuguese governors of India together with Dom Francisco Barreto (1555–1558).

He protected the poet Luis Vaz de Camões, during his stay in India.

He was later governor of Ribeira Grande, in the island of Santo Antão, Portuguese Cape Verde, from 1562.

Dom Constantino afterwards returned to the Kingdom. There he married his cousin, D. Maria de Melo, daughter of the 1st Marquess of Ferreira and 1st Count of Tentúgal, D. Rodrigo de Melo, and Dona Brites de Menezes (daughter of Dom Antão de Almada, 3rd Count of Avranches). The couple had no issue.

Ancestry

See also

References

  • Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil – Vol. II, page 443. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.

External links

  • Genealogy of Constantino of Braganza, in Portuguese


Preceded by
Francisco Barreto
7th Viceroy of Portuguese India
(1558–1561)
Succeeded by
Francisco Coutinho,
count of Redondo
Preceded by
Manuel de Andrade
Colonial heads of Ribeira Grande, Portuguese Cape Verde
(1562 - early 1570s)
Succeeded by
eliminated
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