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Artemisia vulgaris

Artemisia vulgaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: A. vulgaris
Binomial name
Artemisia vulgaris
L. 1753 not C.B. Clarke 1882 nor Mattf. 1926
Synonyms[1]

Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort[2] or common wormwood) is one of several species in the genus Artemisia commonly known as mugwort, although Artemisia vulgaris is the species most often called mugwort. This species is also occasionally known as felon herb, chrysanthemum weed, wild wormwood, old Uncle Henry, sailor's tobacco, naughty man, old man or St. John's plant (not to be confused with St John's wort).[3] Mugworts have been used medicinally and as culinary herbs.

Contents

  • Distribution 1
  • Description 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Distribution

Artemisia vulgaris is native to temperate Europe, Asia, northern Africa and Alaska and is naturalized in North America,[4] where some consider it an invasive weed. It is a very common plant growing on nitrogenous soils, like weedy and uncultivated areas, such as waste places and roadsides.

Description

Artemisia vulgaris is a tall herbaceous perennial plant growing 1–2 m (rarely 2.5 m) tall, with a woody root. The leaves are 5–20 cm long, dark green, pinnate and sessile, with dense white tomentose hairs on the underside. The erect stems are grooved often have a red-purplish tinge. The rather small florets (5 mm long) are radially symmetrical with many yellow or dark red petals. The narrow and numerous capitula (flower heads), all fertile, spread out in racemose panicles. It flowers from mid-summer to early autumn.[5]

A number of species of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) feed on the leaves and flowers.

References

  1. ^ L.Artemisia vulgarisThe Plant List,
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ "Artemisia vulgaris"Ohio Perennial and Biennial Weed Guide: Mugwort . Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State University. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. 
  4. ^ USDA PLANTS Database, "Profile for Artemisia vulgaris," http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARVU .
  5. ^ Parnell, J. and Curtis, T. 2012. Webb's An Irish Flora. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-185918-4783

External links

  • Erowid's Mugwort Vault
  • Artemisia vulgarisPlants for a Future:
  • Mugwort in Culpeper's 'The complete herbal'
  • Mugwort in Mrs Grieve's 'A modern herbal'
  • Mugwort at Liber Herbarum II
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