World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ardisia japonica

Article Id: WHEBN0006013257
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ardisia japonica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chinese herbology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ardisia japonica

Ardisia japonica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Ardisia
Species: A. japonica
Binomial name
Ardisia japonica

Ardisia japonica is a species of Ardisia native to eastern Asia, in eastern China, Japan and Korea.[1]


It is a low-growing, spreading very quickly evergreen shrub 20–40 cm tall. The leaves are opposite or in whorls, ovate, 4–7 cm long and 1.5–4 cm broad, with a sharply serrated margin and an acute apex. The flowers are 4–10 mm diameter, with five (rarely six) white to pale pink petals; they are produced in racemes in late spring. The fruit is a drupe 5–6 mm diameter, red maturing dark purple-black in early winter.[1][2]


A number of cultivars have been selected for growing as ornamental plants, including 'Hakuokan' and 'Ito Fukurin' with variegated leaves, 'Hinotsukasa', with pale cream-coloured leaves, and 'Matsu Shima' with pink stems and variegated leaves.[2]

Medicinal uses

It is used as a medicinal plant in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is called zǐjīn niú (Chinese: 紫金牛),[1] or aidicha (矮地茶) and is considered one of the 50 Fundamental Herbs.[3]

Large doses of the plant as medicine can be toxic to the kidneys.[4]

Weed problems

It has escaped from cultivation and established itself in the wild in the United States, in Gainesville, Florida.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Flora of China: Ardisia japonica
  2. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. ^ Plants for a Future: Ardisia japonica
  4. ^ japonica
  5. ^ 'Wildland Weeds" Summer 2009 p.4 accessed 6 June 2010

External links

  • Chemical Compounds (Dr. Duke's Databases)Ardisia japonica
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.