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Anacyclus pyrethrum

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Anacyclus pyrethrum

Anacyclus pyrethrum
Mount Atlas daisy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Anacyclus
Species: A. pyrethrum
Binomial name
Anacyclus pyrethrum
(L.) Link
Synonyms

Anthemis pyrethrum L.
Anacyclus depressus Ball
Anacyclus freynii Willk.
Anacyclus officinarum Hayne
Sources: E+M,[1] AFPD[2]

Anacyclus pyrethrum (pellitory, Spanish chamomile, or Mount Atlas daisy) is a perennial herb much like chamomile in habitat and appearance. It is in a different family (Asteraceae) from the plants known as pellitory-of-the-wall (Parietaria officinalis) and spreading pellitory (Parietaria judaica).

It is found in North Africa, elsewhere in the Mediterranean region, in the Himalayas, in North India, and in Arabian countries.

Medicinally, pellitory root has a pungent efficacy in relieving toothache and promoting a free flow of saliva and making it popular as a food spice. It induces heat, tingling and redness when applied to the skin.

Although one might assume from the pyrethrum suffix that this plant may contain pyrethrins, it does not. The second part of the binomial name stems from the Ancient Greek name for the plant, πύρεθρον,[3] whereas the pyrethrins are named after Pyrethrum, used more recently for several plants of the genus Chrysanthemum some of which do contain pyrethrins.[4]

Ayurveda (the ancient Indian medicine system) and Siddha (the medicine system from Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India) have more uses for this plant root and it has been used for centuries as a medicine. It is called Akkal-Kara in Hindi, Akkal Kadha in Marathi, and Akkarakaaram (Tamil: அக்கரகாரம்). An oil is prepared by a method known as pit extraction (Tamil: குழி எண்ணெய்).

More recently Anacyclus pyrethrum has been noted for its anabolic activity in mice and suggests to give a testosterone-like effect, and also significantly increasing testosterone in the animal model.[5][6]

The variety depressus (sometimes considered a separate species, Anacyclus depressus), called mat daisy or Mount Atlas daisy, is grown as a spring-blooming, low-water ornamental.

Distribution

Native
Palearctic
Northern Africa: Algeria, Morocco
Southwestern Europe: Spain

Sources: GRIN,[7] E+M,[1] AFPD[2]

References

  1. ^ a b  
  2. ^ a b record n° 135636"Anthemis pyrethrum". African Plants Database.  
  3. ^ A Greek-English Lexicon by Liddell/Scott/Jones (LSJ), entry πύρεθρον.
  4. ^ http://users.skynet.be/bertram.zambiafoundation/Afbeeldingen/Literature_revue_Pyrethrum_root.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.scipharm.at/download.asp?id=346
  6. ^ Sharma, Vikas; Boonen, Jente; Spiegeleer, Bart De; Dixit, V. K. (January 2013). "Androgenic and Spermatogenic Activity of Alkylamide-Rich Ethanol Solution Extract of DC". Phytotherapy Research 27 (1): 99–106.  
  7. ^  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Anacyclus pyrethrum at Wikispecies

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