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mezangelle is a poetic-artistic language developed in the 1990s by Australian-based Internet artist Mez Breeze (Mary-Anne Breeze). It is recognized as a central contribution to Codework,[1] Electronic literature, Internet Art and digital writing in general.


  • Definition and characteristics 1
  • Author 2
  • History 3
    • 1994–1996 3.1
    • 1997–2003 3.2
    • 2003–2007 3.3
    • 2007–2014 3.4
  • Footnotes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Definition and characteristics

mezangelle is primarily based on hybrid words. Like the portmanteau words invented by Lewis Carroll or used in James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake, it dissects and recombines language and stacks multiple layers of meanings into single phrases. Beyond that, it is an Internet-cultural poetic language deriving much of its tension from incorporating formal code and informal speech at once.[2] Its base construction qualifies it as hypertext on a morphological and grammatical level. It is not syntactically fixed and is in continuous artistic development.

mezangelle mixes English, ASCII art, fragments from programming language source code, markup languages, regular expressions and wildcard patterns, protocol code, IRC shorthands, emoticons, phonetic spelling and slang. It is a polysemic multi-layered language that remixes the basic structure of English and computer code through the manipulation of syllables and morphemes. Like the related Codework of Jodi, Netochka Nezvanova, Ted Warnell, Alan Sondheim and lo_y, it bears some resemblance to hacker cultural 1337 / leet speak and Perl poetry.[3]

Through its semantic and syntactical layering, mezangelle achieves an aesthetic effect of altering words and letters from discrete, digital units into fluid, quasi-analog information. This fluidity and flow corresponds to its artistic use in email postings.


Mez works under a multitude of assumed virtual identities or avatars. These avatars are presented throughout the Internet as authors of electronic writing. Examples of these include: mez breeze, netwurker, data.h!.bleeder, ms post modemism, mezflesque.exe, Purrsonal Areah Netwurker and cortical_h[b]acker. mez is best known for her Codework based on her self-invented language mezangelle which she publishes on mailing lists like _arc.hive_,[4] Nettime, and netbehaviour.[5] These work, or "wurks" as she calls them, have language play and identity swapping as a central element. Because of their dense poetical language, they are also acclaimed and influential in Digital Poetry.[6] As of May 2014, Mez is the only Digital Poet who's a non-USA citizen to have her comprehensive career archive (called "The Mez Breeze Papers") housed at Duke University, through their David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.[7]



mezangelle first appeared in late 1994 - early 1995 on MUDs, the web chat channels Kajplats 305, Cybersite and unix based y-talk.[8][9] These instances involved re-mixing random chat responses, y-talk and IRC conventions back to the participants. Chat members communicated with each other through text based dialogue using avatars to interact. Notable avatars from this time included Viking, Jester and mez's screen names aeon and ms post modemism.

The Wollongong World Women Online exhibition (1995, University of Wollongong Online Gallery) was the first traditionally presented exhibition to showcase a web-based text version of the mezangelle work _Through Ah Strainer_. Other online exhibitions that included mezangelled works during this period:

  • Disgruntled Book of Wizzdumb: a collaborative work between mez and the Brisbane organization digitarts (1996).
  • Cutting Spaces: web based mezangelle in the The Undercover Girl Project Norway (1996).[10]


During 1997–2003 mezangelle utilized mailing list forums as a distributive medium with an emphasis on peer collaboration. The works evolved into two subgenres: netwurks and codewurks/codeworks. Both forms employed code and chat convention mash-ups, HTML code and scripting languages to manipulate poetic structures. Codeworks included text emulations of broken source code whereas netwurks present in multimedia web interfaces that incorporate several codeworks. An example of a codework is _Viro. Logic Condition][ing][1.1_ [11] and an example of a netwurk is _The data][h!][bleeding tex][e][ts_.[12]

In this period mezangelle shifted from a reliance on script kiddy/hacker influences to a refined interactive practice that explored aspects of fusing biological/physical and online living. Recurring themes from 1996 onward include: gamer dynamics, social engineering, questioning conceptions of print-based and electronic literature, ASCII art, play theory, teledildonics, viral imagery, and examinations of post-modern, feminist, neural net, social change and technofetistic theories.


In this timeframe mezangelle distribution altered from dispersal via mailing lists to social networking formats. The change occurred due to the growing repressive nature of the mailing list forums used, including extensive censorship by list moderators Julianne Pierce from Recode,[13] Ted Byfield/Geert Lovink from Nettime and Chris Chesher from the ::fibreculture:: list.[14]

The livejournal][][_[15] created on July 2003 is the first recorded procedural net art blog.[16] There are at least two other known mezangelled blogs currently authored by mez. One is _dis[ap]posable_[17] which uses reappropriation of the blog format and snapshot software to create clustered poetic meanings. These nodal poems are examples of a type of digital readymade and are to be read via a grid-like text and image composite structure.[18] For example, the tag, title, and link sections are all reworked with poetic loadings and not constructed according to conventional weblog standards.


As well as maintaining mezangelle works via the livejournal blog, this creative period again shifts Mez's artistic emphasis to the use of Alternate Reality Game "Alt-Winning: A game of Love, War and Telepathy" and as part of the WoW: Emergent Media Phenomenon Exhibition as part of the 3rd Faction's /hug Project at the Laguna Art Museum, California (sponsored by Blizzard Entertainment).[19]

From 2011 to 2014, Mezangelle featured in a set of Virtual Reality games and mobile apps such as The Dead Tower,[20] #PRISOM,[21] and #Carnivast.[22] #PRISOM premièred at The 2013 International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality[23] on an Augmented Reality Head-up display Unit.


  1. ^ Talan Memmott (8 May 2001). "E_RUPTURE://Codework"."Serration in Electronic Literature" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  2. ^ "Interferences: [Net.Writing] and the Practice of Codework | Electronic Book Review". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  3. ^ "References". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  4. ^ "arc.hive - _arc.hive_". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  5. ^ "NetBehaviour <---> A Networked Artists Community". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  6. ^ Re: The Fact That I Am Fiction": Mary-Anne Breeze, Her Avatars, and the Transformation of Identity""". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  7. ^ "Twitter / ambiguitweets: Really excited that the Mez ...". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  8. ^ "Ytalk - Free Software Directory". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Cutting down the inside right-hand palm". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ Mez. ".starting:: the data][h!][bleeding texts.". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  13. ^ "|" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  14. ^ mez breeze. "Yes, but is it art?". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  15. ^ " ][][". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  16. ^ "METAMUTE : M28: Current". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  17. ^ "______dis[ap]posable_". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  18. ^ "snap preview as readymade (ready-to-assemble) poem | jill/txt". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  19. ^ World of Warcraft' quest leads to Laguna - The Orange County Register"'". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  20. ^ "“The Dead Tower” by Andy Campbell and Mez Breeze | I ♥ E-Poetry". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  21. ^ "#PRISOM - Andy Campbell and Mez Breeze". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  22. ^ "#Carnivast: The Virtual Reality, Code Poetry App |". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  23. ^ "ISMAR 2013". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 


  • Sondheim, Alan (September–October 2001), "Introduction: Codework" (PDF), Codework, American Book Review 22 (6) 
  • Raley, Rita (September 2002), "Interferences: Net. Writing and the Practice of Codework", Electronic Book Review, net.writing 
  • Cramer, Florian (November 2001), "Digital Code and Literary text", Beehive 4 (3) 
  • Reep, John (Spring 2004), Re: The Fact That I Am Fiction": Mary-Anne Breeze, Her Avatars, and the Transformation of Identity""", Post Identity 4 (1) 
  • Breeze, Mez (May 2001), "_Non Compos Mentis: Zen-Tripping the Non-Conference Circuitry_", FineArt forum 15 (5) 
  • Breeze, Mez, "_ID.xorcism_", Digicult 
  • Cramer, Florian (October 2003), "Metonymie und Ansteckung in _Viro.Logic 1.1_ von mez (Mary Anne Breeze)" (PDF), Textviren 
  • Lovink, G.W. (2001). "Dynamics of Critical Internet Culture (1994-2001)" ( 
  • Hart, Cath (8 March 2002), "Yes, But Is it Art?", The Courier Mail 
  • LaCook, Lewis (July 2004), "Learning to Love the Poetry Blog", Metamute: Culture and Politics After the Net 28 (Summer/Autumn), archived from the original on 2005-09-20 
  • Walker, Jill (2007-01-03), "Snap preview as readymade (ready-to-assemble) poem", Jill/txt 
  • cortical, h[b]acker (2007-02-24), _soc.n[ot]e.ts_, retrieved 2007-04-15 
  • Smith, Hazel (September 2005), Writing Experiment: Strategies for Innovative Creative Writing, Allen & Unwin, pp. 248–249,  
  • Frieling, Rudolf; Dieter Daniels (April 2005), Media Art Net/MedienKunst Netz: Key Topics/Thematische Schwerpunkte, Springer Verlag, p. 205,  
  • Adriana de Souza (4 November 2002). "Deeper into the Machine: Learning to Speak Digital" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  • Caitlin Fisher (15 October 2004). "Electronic Literacies" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  • Florian Cramer (14 March 2002). "Digital Code and Literary Text" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  • (Code Poetry)

External links

  • mo(, mez' website with mezangelle work that often originated in email/Internet Relay Chat exchanges
  • Twitterwurk Set, mez' completed a Twitter residency in July 2008 with New Media Scotland utilising mezangelle
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