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Electoral history of Abraham Lincoln

 

Electoral history of Abraham Lincoln

President Abraham Lincoln

This is the electoral history of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln served one term in the United States House of Representatives from Illinois (1847–1849). Later served as the 16th President of the United States (1861–1865).[1]

Contents

  • Illinois House of Representatives 1
  • United States House of Representatives 2
    • 1846 elections 2.1
  • Illinois House of Representatives 3
  • 1854 Senate election 4
  • 1856 Presidential election 5
    • Vice Presidential nomination for the Republican Party 5.1
  • 1858 Senate election 6
  • 1860 Presidential election 7
    • Republican Party nomination 7.1
    • General election 7.2
  • 1864 presidential election 8
    • Republican Party nomination 8.1
    • General election 8.2
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Illinois House of Representatives

  • 1832 - Lost
  • 1834 - Won
  • 1836 - Won
  • 1838 - Won
  • 1840 - Won

United States House of Representatives

1844 - Lost Whig Party nomination to Edward Dickinson Baker

1846 elections

Illinois's 7th congressional district general election, 1846[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Abraham Lincoln 6,340 55.53
Democratic Peter Cartwright 4,829 42.29
Liberty Elihu Walcott 249 2.18
Majority
Whig hold

Illinois House of Representatives

1854 - Wins seat in Illinois House of Representatives, declines seat to focus on future candidacy for United States Senate[3]

1854 Senate election

February 8, 1855[4][5]

Note: At this time, U.S. Senators were elected by the state legislatures, not by popular vote of the people
Candidate Round 1 ... Round 7 Round 8 Round 9 Round 10
Lyman Trumbull, Democrat 5 ? ? 35 51
Joel Matteson, Democrat 0 44 46 47 ?
Abraham Lincoln, Whig 45 ? ? 15 Withdrew
James Shields (inc.), Democrat 41 ? ? ? Withdrew

51 votes needed for election

     Candidate won that Round of voting
     Candidate withdrew
     Candidate won Senate seat

Note: Five anti-Nebraska Act Democrats voted for Trumbull rather than vote for Lincoln, a Whig. When pro-Nebraska Act Democrats were unable to reelect Shields, they switched their allegiance to Matteson, who had no stance on the Act. Lincoln then withdrew and threw his support to Trumbull, so that an anti-Nebraska candidate would be assured victory.[4][5]

1856 Presidential election

Vice Presidential nomination for the Republican Party

1858 Senate election

Note: At this time, U.S. Senators were elected by the state legislatures, not by popular vote of the people
United States Senate election in Illinois, 1858
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Stephen A. Douglas (inc.) 54 54.00
Republican Abraham Lincoln 46 46.00
Majority 8 8.00
Democratic hold

1860 Presidential election

Republican Party nomination

Presidential Ballot
Nominee Home State 1st 2nd 3rd 3rd "corrected"
Seward, William H.William H. Seward New York 173.5 184.5 180 111.5
Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln Illinois 102 181 231.5 349
Cameron, SimonSimon Cameron Pennsylvania 50.5 2 0 0
Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase Ohio 49 42.5 24.5 2
Bates, EdwardEdward Bates Missouri 48 35 22 0
Dayton, William L.William L. Dayton New Jersey 14 10 1 1
McLean, JohnJohn McLean Ohio 12 8 5 0.5
Collamer, JacobJacob Collamer Vermont 10 0 - -
Wade, Benjamin F.Benjamin F. Wade Ohio 3 0 - -
Read, John M.John M. Read Pennsylvania 1 0 - -
Sumner, CharlesCharles Sumner Massachusetts 1 0 - -
Fremont, John C.John C. Fremont California 1 0 - -
Clay, Cassius M.Cassius M. Clay Kentucky - 2 1 1

Upon seeing how close Lincoln was to the 233 votes needed after the third ballot, a delegate from Ohio switched 4 votes from Chase to Lincoln. This triggered an avalanche towards Lincoln with a final count of 364 votes out of 466 cast.[6]

General election

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote(a) Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Pct Vice-presidential candidate Home state Elect. vote
Abraham Lincoln Republican Illinois 1,865,908 39.8% 180 Hannibal Hamlin Maine 180
John C. Breckinridge Southern Democratic Kentucky 848,019 18.1% 72 Joseph Lane Oregon 72
John Bell Constitutional Union/Whig Tennessee 590,901 12.6% 39 Edward Everett Massachusetts 39
Stephen A. Douglas Northern Democratic Illinois 1,380,202 29.5% 12 Herschel Vespasian Johnson Georgia 12
Other 531 0.0% Other
Total 4,685,561 100% 303 303
Needed to win 152 152

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1860 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 27, 2005).
Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005).

(a) The popular vote figures exclude South Carolina where the Electors were chosen by the state legislature rather than by popular vote.

1864 presidential election

Republican Party nomination

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st Before Shifts 1st After Shifts
Abraham Lincoln 484 506
Ulysses S. Grant 22 0

General election

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote(a) Electoral
vote(a), (b)
Running mate
Count Pct Vice-presidential candidate Home state Elect. vote(a), (b)
Abraham Lincoln National Union(c) Illinois 2,218,388 55.0% 212 Andrew Johnson(c) Tennessee 212
George Brinton McClellan Democratic New Jersey 1,812,807 45.0% 21 George Hunt Pendleton Ohio 21
Other 692 0.0% Other
Total 4,031,887 100% 233 233
Needed to win 117 117

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1864 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 27, 2005).
Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005). (a) The states in rebellion did not participate in the election of 1864.
(b) One Elector from Nevada did not vote
(c) Andrew Johnson had been a Democrat, and after 1869 was a Democrat. The Republican Party called itself the National Union Party to accommodate the War Democrats in this election.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/index.html
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=c1odBTiRSJcC&pg=PA115&lpg=PA115&dq=%22Elihu+Walcott%22&source=bl&ots=NThXb4-Caq&sig=YO7yFfmu-sml65W7ZPY4PqCboMw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=80UcT7XZMOauiQKP0PChAg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22Elihu%20Walcott%22&f=false
  3. ^ http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/jala/29.2/pinsker.html#FOOT33
  4. ^ a b  
  5. ^ a b http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=lincoln;rgn=div1;view=text;idno=lincoln2;node=lincoln2:312
  6. ^ Proceedings of the Republican national convention held at Chicago, May 16, 17 and 18, 1860

External links

  • Abraham Lincoln Reviews His Electoral Record Up to 1849, ALS Shapell Manuscript Foundation
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