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List of Maya sites


List of Maya sites

This list of Maya sites is an alphabetical listing of a number of significant archaeological sites associated with the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.

The peoples and cultures which comprised the Maya civilization spanned more than 2500 years of Mesoamerican history, in the region of southern Mesoamerica which incorporates the present-day nations of Guatemala and Belize, much of Honduras and El Salvador, and the southeastern states of Mexico from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec eastwards, including the entire Yucatán Peninsula.

Throughout this region, many hundreds of Maya sites[1] have been documented in at least some form by archaeological surveys and investigations, while the numbers of smaller/uninvestigated (or unknown) sites are so numerous (one study has documented over 4,400 Maya sites)[2] that no complete archaeological list has yet been made. The listing which appears here is necessarily incomplete, however it contains notable sites drawn from several large and ongoing surveys, such as the Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions (CMHI) and other sources (see References).

Note : Ignore the Spanish definite article "El" or "La" (and their plurals "Los" and "Las") when looking for a site in the alphabetical listing e.g. for El Mirador, look under M rather than E.
Map depicting the Maya area within the larger Mesoamerican region. View full size for details.

Most important sites

Maya sites which are known to have been among the largest and most influential polities through the various eras of Maya history —Formative (or Preclassic), Classic and Postclassic— and/or which have left the most impressive archaeological remains include:

Site Location Description Photo
El Baúl Escuintla Department, Guatemala El Baúl, along with the sites of Bilbao and El Castillo, forms the Cotzumalhuapa Nuclear Zone, a large urban area dating to the Late Classic period.
Becan Campeche, Mexico Becan was a major city in the Yucatán Peninsula. It was occupied from about 550 BC, in the Middle Preclassic period and was inhabited through the entire Classic Period, finally being abandoned around the 9th century AD. The site had contact with Teotihuacan in the Early Classic and was fortified with a moat and ramparts.[3]
Calakmul Campeche, Mexico Calakmul was one of the two most important Maya cities in the Classic Period, when its rivalry with Tikal dominated the Maya political landscape. The city was already an important city in the Late Preclassic, with dated monuments being erected up to the beginning of the 10th century AD.[4]
Caracol Cayo District, Belize Caracol was an important lowland Maya city, it was already settled in the Late Preclassic but reached its maximum power in the Classic Period when it was first allied with Tikal and later with Calakmul. It played an important role in the downfall of Tikal in the Early Classic and underwent a dramatic expansion in the Late Classic.[5]
El Ceibal (also known as Seibal) Petén Department, Guatemala Seibal was the largest Classic Period city in the Pasión River region, situated on buffs overlooking the river. The city experienced a Late Preclassic apogee before declining in the Early Classic and falling under the domination of Dos Pilas in the Late Classic. It survived the collapse of that kingdom to become one of the last cities to survive in the area and was abandoned at the end of the Classic Period.[6]
Chichen Itza Yucatán, Mexico Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and was a major focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through to the Early Postclassic period and that demonstrated a variety of Maya and non-Maya architectural styles.[7]
Chunchucmil Yucatán, Mexico Chunchucmil was a large site that reached its apogee during the Late to Terminal Classic. The organisation of the city appears to have differed from that of other Maya sites and appears to have been geared towards a specialised coastal trade in salt.[8]
Coba Quintana Roo, Mexico Coba is large site situated among five small lakes on a dry plain. The site is known for a network of 16 causeways linking it to neighbouring sites, the longest of which runs over 100 kilometres (62 mi) west to Yaxuna. The main phase of occupation of the city dates to the Late Classic through to the Early Postclassic, from about AD 700 to 1100.[9]
Copán Copán Department, Honduras Copán was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD, when it was closely allied with Tikal. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian cultural region, and was almost surrounded by non-Maya peoples. The city is best known for its elaborate sculptural style.[10]
Dos Pilas Petén Department, Guatemala Dos Pilas dates to the Late Classic Period, being founded by an offshoot of the Tikal dynasty in order to control trade routes in the Petexbatún region. It broke away from Tikal and became a vassal of Calakmul. It was a predator state from the beginning and the city gives an important glimpse into the great rivalries and political strife that characterised the Late Classic. Much of the history of Dos Pilas can now be reconstructed, with a level of detail that is almost unparalleled in the Maya area.[11]
Dzibilchaltun Yucatán, Mexico Dzibilchaltun was a large and important city in the far north of the Yucatán Peninsula, with its principal architecture dating to the Classic Period, although activity at the site continued into the Late Postclassic when the city's main temple was already in ruins.[12]
Iximche Chimaltenango Department, Guatemala Although short-lived, Iximche was the capital of the Kaqchikel highland kingdom at the time of the Spanish conquest of Guatemala and became the base of operations for the conquest of the highlands and Pacific coast until Spanish demands for tribute caused the Kaqchikels to break off their alliance and rebel. The Spanish then burned Iximche and moved their capital to nearby Tecpán Guatemala until frequent Kaqchikel raids forced them to move their colonial capital to what is now Ciudad Vieja near Antigua Guatemala.
Ixkun Petén Department, Guatemala Ixkun is a large site containing many unrestored mounds and ruins and is the best known archaeological site within the municipality of Dolores.[13] It was the capital of one of the four largest kingdoms in the upper Mopan Valley.[14] Stela 1 at Ixkun is one of the tallest stone monuments in the entire Petén Basin.[15] Although the main period of activity was during the Late Classic Period, the site was occupied from the Late Preclassic right through to the Postclassic Period.
Kaminaljuyu Guatemala Department, Guatemala Kaminaljuyu was founded in the Middle Preclassic and emerged as an important city in the Late Preclassic and dominated the entire Maya Highlands. It declined at the end of the Preclassic and was taken over by a new Maya group in the Early Classic with strong contacts with central Mexico. Occupation at Kaminaljuyu extended into the Late Classic.[16]
Mayapan Yucatán, Mexico Mayapan was an important fortified city with a densely occupied area within the city walls. The principal pyramid at Mayapan was modelled after the main pyramid at Chichen Itza. The city was the most important site in Yucatán for a period of about 250 years during the Postclassic Period, with the earliest structures dating to the 12th century AD.[17]
El Mirador Petén Department, Guatemala El Mirador was an enormous Late Preclassic city although construction apparently began in the Middle Preclassic and some level of occupation continued into the Classic Period. The city included some very large triadic pyramids and covered an area similar to that of Classic Period Tikal.[18]
Naachtun Petén Department, Guatemala Naachtun is situated in the extreme north of Petén, in a central location between Tikal and Calakmul, the two great Classic Period Maya powers, both of which constantly influenced its politics. The hieroglyphic texts from the site cover almost the whole Classic Period from 504 to 761 AD, although the site was inhabited since the Preclassic.[19]
Nakbe Petén Department, Guatemala Nakbe was an important city in the Middle Preclassic, with its principal phase of occupation lasting from about 1000 BC to 400 BC. The city is linked to neighbouring El Mirador by a Late Preclassic causeway. Nakbe appears to possess the earliest examples of Maya masonry architecture and of sacbe causeways.[20]
Naranjo Petén Department, Guatemala Naranjo was the capital of a kingdom from the Early Classic through to the Late Classic and formed an important link in the trade routes running from the great city of Tikal to the Caribbean Sea. The earliest dated monuments at the site date to the late 5th century AD. The city became a vassal of Tikal's great rival Calakmul and was involved in a series of devastating wars.[21]
Oxkintok Yucatán, Mexico Oxkintok was one of the first Maya states to develop in the northern lowlands, undergoing a process of rapid development in the Early Classic Period that gave rise to an important capital with inscribed stone monuments. The earliest dated monument dates to the late 5th century AD.[22]
Palenque Chiapas, Mexico Palenque is located in the foothills of the Chiapas highlands. The city became dominant over the western Maya lowlands during the Late Classic, and engaged in hostilities with its neighbour Toniná that eventually eclipsed it. Hieroglyphic inscriptions at Palenque document a dynastic sequence stretching from the 5th century AD through to the end of the 8th century. The site is best known for the Temple of the Inscriptions, the mortuary shrine containing the tomb of king K'inich Janaab' Pakal.[23]
El Peru (also known as Waka') Petén Department, Guatemala El Perú was a major Classic Period ally of Calakmul in its wars against Tikal.[24]
Piedras Negras Petén Department, Guatemala Piedras Negras was the largest city in the region of the Usumacinta River and is known for its excellent quality Late Classic sculpted monuments. These well preserved inscriptions provided the first evidence that Maya texts described historical events. The site has a continuous series of texts running from the 7th century AD through to the 9th century.[25]
Quiriguá Izabal Department, Guatemala Quiriguá is a relatively small site that was founded by Tikal in the Early Classic in order to control the Motagua River trade route, important for the transport of jade and obsidian. Originally a vassal of Copán, the city rebelled and allied itself with Calakmul, after which it erected elaborate monuments in a style similar to that of its former overlord.[26]
Q'umarkaj Quiché Department, Guatemala Q'umarkaj (also known as Utatlán) was the Postclassic capital of the K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj at the time of the Spanish Conquest and was one of the most powerful Maya cities at that time, dominating the Guatemalan Highlands.[27]
San Bartolo Petén Department, Guatemala San Bartolo is a remote site in the Guatemalan rainforest and was only discovered in 2001. Most of the structures at the site date to the Late Preclassic and overlie older Middle Preclassic architecture, although the city was reoccupied in the Late Classic. San Bartolo possesses one of the most important Preclassic murals yet found.[28]
Tikal Petén Department, Guatemala Tikal was founded in the Late Preclassic but reached its greatest power in the Late Classic, when most of its great temples were constructed. The site was one of the most powerful kingdoms in Maya history and possesses a dynastic chronology that extends from about AD 100 through to the 9th century. A long-running rivalry between Tikal and Calakmul began in the 6th century, with each of the two cities forming its own network of mutually hostile alliances arrayed against each other in what has been likened to a long-running war between two Maya superpowers.[29]
Tulum Quintana Roo, Mexico Tulum is a Late Postclassic site situated on cliffs overlooking the Caribbean Sea and was probably occupied at the time of the Spanish Conquest. It is a small site with architecture in a style similar to that at the bigger cities of Chichen Itza and Mayapan. The site was probably founded to expand the coastal trade routes of the Yucatán Peninsula.[30]
Uxmal Yucatán, Mexico Uxmal was an important capital in the western Yucatán region, demonstrating architecture in the Puuc Maya style. The site reached its apogee in the Late to Terminal Classic from about AD 800–1000 and appears to have declined at the beginning of the Postclassic Period, although the exact length of occupation of the city is unknown.[31]
Yaxchilan Chiapas, Mexico In the Late Classic Period Yaxchilan was one of the most powerful Maya cities along the course of the Usumacinta, with Piedras Negras as its major rival.[32] Architectural styles in subordinate sites in the Usumacinta region demonstrate clear differences that mark a clear boundary between the two kingdoms.[32] Yaxchilan was a large center, important throughout the Classic era, and the dominant power of the Usumacinta River area. It dominated such smaller sites as Bonampak.[33] The site is particularly known for its well-preserved sculptured stone lintels set above the doorways of the main structures.[34]
Yaxha Petén Department, Guatemala Yaxha was a large city located upon the north shore of the lake of the same name. The city reached its maximum power in the Early Classic, when it was one of the largest capital cities in the Maya region; it was apparently allied with Tikal at that time. By the Late Classic its power had waned, perhaps linked to defeat by Calakmul or its allies.[35]

Alphabetical listing


Site Location Photo
Abaj Takalik (see Takalik Abaj) Retalhuleu Department, Guatemala[36]
Acanceh Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Acanmul Campeche, Mexico[38]
Actun Tunichil Muknal Cayo District, Belize[39]
Actuncan Cayo District, Belize[40]
El Aguacate Petén Department, Guatemala[41]
Aguas Calientes Petén Department, Guatemala[42]
Aguateca Petén Department, Guatemala[43]
Ake Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Akte Petén Department, Guatemala[44]
Almuchil Campeche, Mexico[45]
Altar de los Reyes Campeche, Mexico[46]
Altar de Sacrificios Petén Department, Guatemala[47]
Altun Ha Belize District, Belize
La Amelia Petén Department, Guatemala[48]
El Amparo Chiapas, Mexico
Anayte' Chiapas, Mexico
Anonal Petén Department, Guatemala[49]
Arroyo de Piedra Petén Department, Guatemala[50]


Site Location Photo
Baking Pot Cayo District, Belize
Balberta Escuintla Department, Guatemala[51]
Balakbal Campeche, Mexico
Balamku Campeche, Mexico[37]
Balamtun Petén Department, Guatemala
Balankanche Yucatán, Mexico[37]
El Baúl Escuintla Department, Guatemala[52]
Becan Campeche, Mexico[37]
Bejucal Petén Department, Guatemala[53]
Bellote Tabasco, Mexico
Blackman Eddy Cayo District, Belize
La Blanca, Peten Petén Department, Guatemala[54]
Bolonchen Campeche, Mexico
Bonampak Chiapas, Mexico[37]
Buena Vista Petén Department, Guatemala[55]


Site Location Photo
Cahal Pech Cayo District, Belize
Calakmul Campeche, Mexico[37]
Campeche Campeche, Mexico
Cancuen Petén Department, Guatemala[56]
Cansacbe Campeche, Mexico
Caracol Cayo District, Belize
El Caribe Petén Department, Guatemala[57]
Casa Blanca Santa Ana Department, El Salvador[58]
Cenotillo Yucatán, Mexico
Los Cerritos-Chijoj Quiché Department, Guatemala[59]
Cerros Corozal District, Belize
Chac II Yucatán, Mexico
Chacchoben Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
Chacmultun Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Chactún Campeche, Mexico
Chakalal Quintana Roo, Mexico
Chakanbakan Quintana Roo, Mexico[60]
Chakokot Petén Department, Guatemala[61]
El Chal Petén Department, Guatemala[62]
Chapayal Petén Department, Guatemala[63]
Chiapa de Corzo Chiapas, Mexico[64]
Chicanna Campeche, Mexico[37]
Chichen Itza Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Chichmul Yucatán, Mexico
El Chicozapote Petén Department, Guatemala
Chinikiha Chiapas, Mexico
Chinkultic Chiapas, Mexico[37]
Chitinamit Quiché Department, Guatemala[65]
Chocolá Suchitepéquez Department, Guatemala[66]
Chojolom Quetzaltenango Department, Guatemala
El Chorro Petén Department, Guatemala[67]
Chuctiepa Chiapas, Mexico
Chunchucmil Yucatán, Mexico
Chunhuhub Campeche, Mexico[37]
Chunhuitz Petén Department, Guatemala
Chunlimon Campeche, Mexico
Cival Petén Department, Guatemala
Coba Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
Comalcalco Tabasco, Mexico[37]
Comitan Chiapas, Mexico
Copán Copán Department, Honduras
La Corona (The enigmatic "Site Q") Petén Department, Guatemala
Corozal Corozal District, Belize
Cozumel Quintana Roo, Mexico
Cuca Yucatán, Mexico
Cuello Orange Walk District, Belize
Culuba Yucatán, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Dos Pilas Petén Department, Guatemala[68]
Dzehkabtun Campeche, Mexico
Dzekilna Yucatán, Mexico
Dzibanche Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
Dzibilchaltun Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Dzibilnocac Campeche, Mexico[37]
Dzibiltun Campeche, Mexico
Dzilam Yucatán, Mexico
Dzitbalche Campeche, Mexico
Dzula Quintana Roo, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Edzna Campeche, Mexico[37]
Ek' Balam Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Ekab (modern Cancun) Quintana Roo, Mexico
El Encanto (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
El Encanto (Petén) Petén Department, Guatemala[70]
Colonia La Esperanza Chiapas, Mexico


Site Location Photo
La Florida Petén Department, Guatemala[71]
Flores (see Tayasal) Petén Department, Guatemala[72]


Site Location Photo
Guaquitepec Chiapas, Mexico
Gumarcaj (see Q'umarkaj) Quiché Department, Guatemala[73]


Site Location Photo
Hacienda Hotzuc Yucatán, Mexico
Halakal Yucatán, Mexico
Halal Yucatán, Mexico
Haltunchon Campeche, Mexico
Los Higos Copán Department, Honduras
Hochob Campeche, Mexico[37]
Holactun Campeche, Mexico
La Honradez[74] Petén Department, Guatemala
Holtun Petén Department, Guatemala[75]
Hormiguero Campeche, Mexico[37]
Huacutal Petén Department, Guatemala
Huntichmul Yucatán, Mexico
Huntichmul II Campeche, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Ichmac Campeche, Mexico
Ichmul Yucatán, Mexico
Ichpaatun Quintana Roo, Mexico
Ichpich Campeche, Mexico
Ikil (Maya site) Yucatán, Mexico
Itsimte-Sacluk Petén Department, Guatemala
Itzamkanac Campeche, Mexico
Itzan Petén Department, Guatemala[76]
Itzimte-Bolonchen (see Bolonchen) Campeche, Mexico
Ixil Yucatán, Mexico
Iximche Chimaltenango Department, Guatemala[77]
Ixkun Petén Department, Guatemala[78]
Ixlu Petén Department, Guatemala[79]
Ixtelha Chiapas, Mexico
Ixtonton Petén Department, Guatemala[80]
Ixtutz Petén Department, Guatemala[81]
Izamal Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Izapa Chiapas, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Jacawitz (see Chitinamit) Quiché Department, Guatemala
Jaina Island Campeche, Mexico[82]
Jimbal Petén Department, Guatemala[83]
Jolja' Chiapas, Mexico
Jonuta Tabasco, Mexico
Joya de Cerén La Libertad Department, El Salvador
La Joyanca Petén Department, Guatemala[84]


Site Location Photo
Kabah Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Kalakmul (see Calakmul) Campeche, Mexico[37]
Kaminaljuyu Guatemala Department, Guatemala[85]
Kana Quintana Roo, Mexico
Kanki Campeche, Mexico[37]
Kantunil Kin Quintana Roo, Mexico
Kaxuinic Orange Walk District, Belize
Kayal Campeche, Mexico
Kinal Petén Department, Guatemala[86]
Kiuic Yucatán, Mexico
Kohunlich Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
Komchen Yucatán, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Labna Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Lacanha Chiapas, Mexico
Laguna Perdida Petén Department, Guatemala[87]
Lagunita Campeche, Mexico
Lamanai Orange Walk District, Belize
Lashtunich Petén Department, Guatemala
Loltun Yucatán, Mexico[37]
López Mateos Chiapas, Mexico
Louisville Corozal District, Belize
Lubaantun Toledo District, Belize


Site Location Photo
Machaquila Petén Department, Guatemala[88]
Managua (Maya site) Campeche, Mexico
Maní Yucatán, Mexico
La Mar Chiapas, Mexico
Mario Ancona Quintana Roo, Mexico
Maxcanu Yucatán, Mexico
Mayapan Yucatán, Mexico[37]
El Meco Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
La Milpa Orange Walk District, Belize
Minanha Cayo District, Belize
El Mirador Petén Department, Guatemala[89]
Miraflores Chiapas, Mexico
Mixco Viejo Chimaltenango Department, Guatemala[90]
Monte Alto Escuintla Department, Guatemala[91]
La Montura Petén Department, Guatemala
Mopila Yucatán, Mexico
Moral Reforma Tabasco, Mexico
Motul de San José Petén Department, Guatemala[92]
Mountain Cow Cayo District, Belize
La Muerta Petén Department, Guatemala
Mulchic Yucatán, Mexico
Muluch Tsekal Yucatán, Mexico
La Muñeca Campeche, Mexico
Muyil Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]


Site Location Photo
Naachtun Petén Department, Guatemala[19]
Naj Tunich Petén Department, Guatemala[93]
Nakbe Petén Department, Guatemala[94]
Nakum Petén Department, Guatemala
Naranjo Petén Department, Guatemala[95]
La Naya Petén Department, Guatemala
Nebaj Quiché Department, Guatemala[96]
Nicolás Bravo Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
Nim Li Punit Toledo District, Belize
Nocuchich Campeche, Mexico
Nohpat Yucatán, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Ojo de Agua Campeche, Mexico
Okop Quintana Roo, Mexico
Oxcutzcab Yucatán, Mexico
Oxkintok Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Oxlahuntun Chiapas, Mexico
Oxpemul Campeche, Mexico[97]
Oxtankah Quintana Roo, Mexico[60]


Site Location Photo
El Pabellón Chiapas, Mexico
Padre Piedra Chiapas, Mexico
Pajaral Petén Department, Guatemala
Palenque Chiapas, Mexico[37]
El Palmar (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
El Palmar (Quintana Roo) Quintana Roo, Mexico
Panhale Tabasco, Mexico
Boca del Cerro
Pantaleón Escuintla Department, Guatemala[98]
El Paraíso (Maya site) Copán Department, Honduras
El Parajal Petén Department, Guatemala[99]
La Pasadita Petén Department, Guatemala[100]
Pasión del Cristo Quintana Roo, Mexico
El Pato Petén Department, Guatemala
Pechal Campeche, Mexico
El Perú Petén Department, Guatemala[101]
Pestac Chiapas, Mexico
Pie de Gallo Petén Department, Guatemala
Piedra Labrada Chiapas, Mexico
Piedras Negras Petén Department, Guatemala[102]
El Pilar Jointly in Cayo District, Belize and Petén Department, Guatemala[103]
Pixoy Campeche, Mexico
Plan de Ayutla Chiapas, Mexico[64]
La Pochitoca Petén Department, Guatemala[104]
Polol Petén Department, Guatemala[105]
Pomona, Belize Stann Creek District, Belize
Pomona, Tabasco Tabasco, Mexico[37]
Pomuch Campeche, Mexico
El Portón Baja Verapaz Department, Guatemala[106]
El Porvenir Petén Department, Guatemala[107]
El Puente Copán Department, Honduras
Punta de Chimino Petén Department, Guatemala[108]
Pusilha Toledo District, Belize


Site Location Photo
"Site Q" (see La Corona) Petén Department, Guatemala
Quen Santo Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[109]
Quiriguá Izabal Department, Guatemala[110]
Q'umarkaj Quiché Department, Guatemala[111]


Site Location Photo
El Resbalón Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
El Retiro Chiapas, Mexico
Río Amarillo Copán Department, Honduras
Río Azul Petén Department, Guatemala[112]
Río Bec Campeche, Mexico[97]
Río Michol Chiapas, Mexico
El Rosal (Maya site)


Site Location Photo
Sabacche Yucatán, Mexico
Sacchana Chiapas, Mexico
Sacnicte Yucatán, Mexico
Sacul Petén Department, Guatemala[113]
Salinas de los Nueve Cerros Alta Verapaz Department, Guatemala[114]
San Andrés La Libertad Department, El Salvador
San Bartolo Petén Department, Guatemala
San Clemente Petén Department, Guatemala[115]
San Diego Petén Department, Guatemala[116]
San Gervasio Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
San Lorenzo (Campeche) Campeche, Mexico
San Lorenzo (Chiapas) Chiapas, Mexico
San Mateo Ixtatán Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[117]
San Pedro (Dzitbalche) Campeche, Mexico
Santa Elena Poco Uinic Chiapas, Mexico
Santa Rita Corozal Corozal District, Belize
Santa Rosa Xtampak Campeche, Mexico[37]
Santoton Chiapas, Mexico
Sayil Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Seibal Petén Department, Guatemala[118]
Sihó Yucatán, Mexico
Silvituc Campeche, Mexico
Simojovel Chiapas, Mexico
Sisilha Campeche, Mexico
La Sufricaya Petén Department, Guatemala[119]


Site Location Photo
Tabi Yucatán, Mexico
El Tabasqueño Campeche, Mexico[37]
Takalik Abaj Retalhuleu Department, Guatemala[36]
Tamarindito Petén Department, Guatemala
Tancah Quintana Roo, Mexico
Tayasal Petén Department, Guatemala[120]
Tazumal Santa Ana Department, El Salvador
Techoh Yucatán, Mexico
Telantunich Quintana Roo, Mexico
Teleman Alta Verapaz Department, Guatemala
El Temblor Petén Department, Guatemala
Tenam Puente Chiapas, Mexico[37]
Tenam Rosario Chiapas, Mexico
Tikal Petén Department, Guatemala[121]
Tila Chiapas, Mexico
El Tintal Petén Department, Guatemala[122]
Tohcok Campeche, Mexico[37]
Tonalá Chiapas, Mexico
Toniná Chiapas, Mexico[37]
Topoxté Petén Department, Guatemala[123]
Tortuguero Tabasco, Mexico
Tres Islas Petén Department, Guatemala[124]
La Trinidad de Nosotros Petén Department, Guatemala[125]
Tulum Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
Tunkuyi Campeche, Mexico
Tzendales Chiapas, Mexico
Tzibanche Quintana Roo, Mexico
Tzocchen Campeche, Mexico
Tzum Campeche, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Uaxactun Petén Department, Guatemala[126]
Uaymil Campeche, Mexico[127]
Ucanal Petén Department, Guatemala[128]
Uci Yucatán, Mexico
Uitzina Yucatán, Mexico
Ukum Yucatán, Mexico
La Unión Quintana Roo, Mexico[69]
Uolantun Petén Department, Guatemala
Utatlan (see Q'umarkaj) Quiché Department, Guatemala
Uxbenka Toledo District, Belize
Uxmal Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Uxul Petén Department, Guatemala


Site Location Photo
Waka' (see El Perú) Petén Department, Guatemala[101]
Waxaktun (see Uaxactun) Petén Department, Guatemala[126]
Witzna Petén Department, Guatemala


Site Location Photo
Xbalche Campeche, Mexico
Xcalumkin Campeche, Mexico[37]
Xcambo Yucatán, Mexico
Xcaret Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
X'Castillo Yucatán, Mexico
Xcocha Campeche, Mexico
Xcochkax Campeche, Mexico
Xcorralche Yucatán, Mexico
Xcucsuc Campeche, Mexico
Xculoc Campeche, Mexico
Xelha Quintana Roo, Mexico[37]
Xicalango Campeche, Mexico
Xkalachetzimin Campeche, Mexico
Xkichmook Yucatán, Mexico
Xkipche Yucatán, Mexico
Xkombec Campeche, Mexico
Xkukican Yucatán, Mexico
Xlapak Yucatán, Mexico[37]
Xmakabatun Petén Department, Guatemala
Xnaheb Toledo District, Belize
Xnucbec Campeche, Mexico
Xpuhil Campeche, Mexico[37]
Xtampak (also known as Santa Rosa Xtampak) Campeche, Mexico[37]
Xtobo Yucatán, Mexico
Xul Yucatán, Mexico
Xultun Petén Department, Guatemala[129]
Xunantunich Cayo District, Belize
Xupa Chiapas, Mexico
Xutilha Petén Department, Guatemala[130]


Site Location Photo
Yaaxhom Yucatán, Mexico
Yakalmai Campeche, Mexico
Yalcabakal Campeche, Mexico
Yaltutud Petén Department, Guatemala
Yaxche-Xlabpak Campeche, Mexico
Yaxchilan Chiapas, Mexico[37]
Yaxcopoil Yucatán, Mexico
Yaxha Petén Department, Guatemala[131]
Yaxuna Yucatán, Mexico
Yo'okop Quintana Roo, Mexico
Yula Yucatán, Mexico


Site Location Photo
Zacpeten Petén Department, Guatemala[132]
Zaculeu Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala[133]
El Zapote Petén Department, Guatemala[134]
Zapote Bobal Petén Department, Guatemala[135]
El Zotz Petén Department, Guatemala[136]

See also


  1. ^ The CMHI enumeration of sites with inscriptions and/or Maya artworks, as modified and revised by Riese (2004) lists over 430 sites.
  2. ^ Witschey and Brown (2005)
  3. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.372-373.
  4. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.356-361.
  5. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.364.
  6. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.520.
  7. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.562-566.
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