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Customs in an Empirical Perspective : Some Questions and Issues for Debate, From a Selective Review of the Data

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ive: some questions and issues for debate, from a selective review of the data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Presentation in Workshop on Manag... ...ues for debate, from a selective review of the data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Presentation in Workshop on Managing Integrity in Customs Globa... ...r debate, from a selective review of the data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Presentation in Workshop on Managing Integrity in Customs Global Foru... ...um III, Seoul, Korea, May 29 th , 2003 www.fightcorruption.org Outline 1. The Power of Data and Indicators 2. The Broader Perspective on Country Gov... ...for debate Control of Corruption Map, 2002 Source for data: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2002 ; Map downloaded from : http://in... ... Source: GCS, 2002: “The combined effect of import tariffs, license fees, bank fees and time for red tape raise the cost of business by......” Brib...

...Outsider Questions: 1. On basic Design Issues -- Shouldn?t Reform Measures be tailored to the overall country reality?: Systemic, Widespread or Individualized corruption? Rule or Misrule of Law? -- Differentiation may also be needed due to major institutional differences across Customs instits: Substantial or negl...

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Corruption Within a Broader Governance and Developmental Perspective : Some Lessons from Empirics and Experiencein Brief

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...e Lessons from Empirics and Experience—in brief Statement by Head of the World Bank Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufman... ...ssons from Empirics and Experience—in brief Statement by Head of the World Bank Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, D... ...from Empirics and Experience—in brief Statement by Head of the World Bank Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Directo... ...k Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of th... ...gation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of the Glob... ... Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of the Global Forum and the special invitatio...

...Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of the Global Forum and the special invitation to provide for a statement for the plenary session and ministerial workshop. Further, we welcome the opportunity to listen and learn from the guest p...

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Corruption and the Global Economy

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Corruption : The Facts

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ruption: The Facts by Daniel Kaufmann (This article originally appeared in the Summer 1997 edition of Foreign Policy.) [The King] shall protect trade ... ...Just as it is impossible not to taste honey or poison that one may find at the tip of one's tongue, so it is impossible for one dealing with governmen... ...nvironmental regulations, clear regulations to assure the soundness of the banking system, and stringent regulations on the trading of nuclear materia... ...verage of 22 staff weeks for low-bribing firms. Using data compiled by the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 1996, which surveyed 2... ...oing business. Further, the evidence from the 49 countries surveyed by the World Economic Forum reflects that where corruption is more prevalent, the ... ...ctions (quotas), passports, customs and border-crossing documentation, and banking licenses; the implementation of price controls; the blocking of ent...

...This citation attests to the ancient nature of corruption, which amounts to the abuse of public office for private gain. Yet it also illustrates that even then corruption was regarded as corrosive to the development of the state and that specific mea...

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Corporate and Public Governance : Irreverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ce: Irreverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the P... ...reverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the Partner... ...ann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the Partnership Against Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development C... ...p Against Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development Conference, at The World Bank Washington, DC, April 10 th , 2006 2 Main Issues • Overall ... ...ainst Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development Conference, at The World Bank Washington, DC, April 10 th , 2006 2 Main Issues • Overall Gove... ... Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development Conference, at The World Bank Washington, DC, April 10 th , 2006 2 Main Issues • Overall Governance...

...Six Dimensions of Governance Governance as the set of traditions and institutions by which authority in a country is exercised --specifically: The process by which those in authority are selected and replaced ?VOICE AND ACCOUNTABILITY ?POLITICAL STABILITY & ABSENCE OF...

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Constructing Governance Indicators Matters

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...s Matters Daniel Kaufmann (with Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi) Based on the Governance Indicators research Project (and ‘Governance Matters’ serie... ...ndicators research Project (and ‘Governance Matters’ series) initiated in the late 1990’s by Kaufmann & Kraay. The Governance Databank, covering 209... ...ritories for 1996-2004, and the research papers, can be accessed at: www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance For Conference on Constructing an Index for E... ...nce Data • Cross-Country Surveys of Firms: Global Competitiveness Survey, World Business Environment Survey, World Competitiveness Yearbook, BEEPS •... ...ton University • Expert Assessments from Governments, Multilaterals: World Bank CPIA, EBRD, AFDB, ADB, UNECA, State Dept. Human Rights Report 7 Exam...

...Six Dimensions of Governance -- The process by which those in authority are selected and replaced ?VOICE AND ACCOUNTABILITY ?POLITICAL STABILITY & ABSENCE OF VIOLENCE/TERRORISM -- The capacity of government to formulate and implement policies ?GOVERNMENT EF...

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Civil Liberties, Democracy, And the Performance of Government Projects

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...How does the extent of civil liberties and democracy in a country affect the performance of its government's investment projects and, more general... ... performance of its government's investment projects and, more generally, the government's effectiveness? MPIRICAL analysis demonstrates that the ... ... LANT PRITCHETT AND DANIEL KAUFMANN investment projects financed by the World Bank. Two indicators of a project's success were used: the project'... ...T PRITCHETT AND DANIEL KAUFMANN investment projects financed by the World Bank. Two indicators of a project's success were used: the project's econ... ... project accomplished its developmental objectives. One might think that Bank researchers would investigate the success or failure of Bank projects... ...untry performance, for three reasons. First, the projects financed by the World Bank are undertaken by the borrowing country's government, which is...

...One might think that Bank researchers would investigate the success or failure of Bank projects to examine the Bank's performance. Although evaluators at the Bank do use such indicators for that purpose, data on the success of Bank-financed proje...

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Chapter 2. 1 Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...R 2.1 Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption DANIEL KAUFMANN, 1 World Bank Governance and corruption remain controversial and mis- understo... ... Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption DANIEL KAUFMANN, 1 World Bank Governance and corruption remain controversial and mis- understood top... ...pics. But they are now given higher priority in development circles and by the corporate sector, including multinationals. Indeed, some donors and int... ...ruption, and increase citizen voice, gen- der equality, and accountability.The 2005 World Economic Forum in Davos highlighted the agreement reached am... ...and increase citizen voice, gen- der equality, and accountability.The 2005 World Economic Forum in Davos highlighted the agreement reached among 63 mu... ... et in recent years, through the efforts of institutions such as the World Bank (the Governance Indicators), the World Economic Forum (the Executive O...

...Governance and corruption remain controversial and misunderstood topics. But they are now given higher priority in development circles and by the corporate sector, including multinationals. Indeed, some donors and international financial institutions (IFIs) increasingly work with emerging economies to help reduce corruption, and increase citizen voice, gender equal...

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Challenging Orthodoxy on Governance : Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ance: Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Background for Discus... ... Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Background for Discussion a... ...nk Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Background for Discussion at the Meeting with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, and SID... ... 17 th , 2005 2 ‘Popular Notions’ on Anti-Corruption – Are they right? 1. Worldwide Consensus on Anti-Corruption since ’90s 2. But Corruption is an ‘... ...rich world a model 4. Major Improvement worldwide on Corruption Control 5. The Problem is just with Public Sector/Public Officials 6. Cultural & Histo... ...ing Evolution of Governance/A Evolution of Governance/A - - C at the World Bank: C at the World Bank: From C ... From C ... ‘ ‘ Prohibition Prohib...

...jective?indicators -- Changes in governance over time 1996-2004 ?Are these changes are significant?: new method ?Have occurred in some countries, not worldwide -- How useful are ?perceptions?-data on governance? -- What is the ?development dividend?of good governance, and is a ?poverty discount?warranted?...

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Challenging Orthodoxy on Governance : Lessons from Evidence and Implications

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...e: Lessons from Evidence and Implications Daniel Kaufmann and Colleagues World Bank Institute – The World Bank www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Soci... ...essons from Evidence and Implications Daniel Kaufmann and Colleagues World Bank Institute – The World Bank www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Social Saf... ...nce and Implications Daniel Kaufmann and Colleagues World Bank Institute – The World Bank www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Social Safety Nets – Core C... ...ember 5, 2005 2 ‘Popular Notions’ on Anti-Corruption – Are they right? 1. Worldwide Consensus on Anti-Corruption since ’90s 2. But Corruption is an ‘... ...rich world a model 4. Major Improvement worldwide on Corruption Control 5. The Problem is just with Public Sector/Public Officials 6. Cultural & Histo... ...ing Evolution of Governance/A Evolution of Governance/A - - C at the World Bank: C at the World Bank: From C ... From C ... ‘ ‘ Prohibition Prohib...

...naysayers?still alive and well? 2.Governance and Corruption canbe measured, analyzed, & monitored: just released ?Governance Matters IV?Report --with worldwide data 3.Large ?development dividend?of anti-corruption 4.Worldwide: On Average, Corruption and Governance has not declined 5.But some countries have improved in short term 6.Some Key Findings from Variance--& Policy ...

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Challenges for the Future for Debate

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...Challenges for the future – for debate Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Session on ´Towards t... ...Challenges for the future – for debate Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Session on ´Towards the Fut... ... World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Session on ´Towards the Future´ in Measuring Corruption Workshop by TM/TI Merida, Mexico, Dec... ...ormation, Transparency and Incentives? • • You are approaching your car in the empty and You are approaching your car in the empty and unattended ga... ...ion 6.01: General infrastructure in your country is among the best in the world? Extent of Independence of the Judiciary 2 4.5 7 1998 1999 2000 200...

...A ?Live? Test: Is it ?Culture?, Information, Transparency and Incentives? -- You are approaching your car in the empty and unattended garage late at night -- You see an envelope on the floor, and you pick it up -- It contains 20 bills of US $100 each. -- If no possibility that anyone would know: No cameras, no monitoring, no reporti...

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Burgerrechte, Demokratie and der Erfolg Von Regierungsprojekten

By: Daniel Kaufmann

... Erfolg oder Mißerfolg eines Weltbankprojektes messen, um das Ergebnis der Bank abzuschätzen. Auch wenn Analysten der Weltbank derartige Indikator... ...ltbank finanzierten Projekten auf ein uneinheitliches Vorgehen seitens der Bank zurückzuführen sind. Ergebnisse Die Studie, auf der dieser Beitrag... ...ham, Daniel Kaufmann und Lant H. Pritchett, "Civil Liberlies, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects", World Bank Economic Review, Vol1... ...t, "Civil Liberlies, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects", World Bank Economic Review, Vol11 (Mai), 1997, 5.219-242. einzelnen Sekt... ...tssituation im brasilianischen Bun- desstaat Ceara, "Good Governance in the Tro - pics", stellt die These auf, daß erfolglose Regie- rungen sch... ...overnment Projects" von Jonathan Isham, Daniel Kaufmann und lant Pritchett, World Bank Economic Review, Vol.1 I (Mai) 1997, S. 219-242. Literaturbi...

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Assessing the Deliverables of Ukraine Reform : Synthesis of Perspectives from Discussions at the Wef Roundtables, And Background Data

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...iverables of Ukraine Reform’ Synthesis of Perspectives from Discussions at the WEF Roundtables, and Background Data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank I... ...cussions at the WEF Roundtables, and Background Data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Plenary Session and F... ...ns at the WEF Roundtables, and Background Data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Plenary Session and Feedbac... ...i/governance Plenary Session and Feedback to Prime Minister of Ukraine at the Extraordinary Ukraine Roundtable by the World Economic Forum Kyiv, Ukr... ...Prime Minister of Ukraine at the Extraordinary Ukraine Roundtable by the World Economic Forum Kyiv, Ukraine, June 17 th , 2005 2 Structure of the P... ...d on GCR team calculations for 2004/2005 Report; GDP per capita from World Bank. Calculations based on regression estimates of the impact on the GCI ...

...Empirical Evidence is Consistent with results from workshop sessions: From the Governance databank -- Process by which authority is selected and replaced -- VOICE AND ACCOUNTABILITY -- POLITICAL STABILITY & ABSENCE OF VIOLENCE/TERRORISM -- Capacity of government to formulate & implement policies -- ...

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Anticorrupcion Dentro de Una Perspectiva Mas Amplia de Desarrollo Y Gobernabilidad Algunas Lecciones Del Empirismo Y la Experiencia

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Anti-Corrupcao Dentro de Uma Perspectiva Desenvolvimentista E de Governanca Mais Ampla

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Aggregating Governance Indicators

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ating Governance Indicators Daniel Kaufmann Aart Kraay Pablo Zoido-Lobatón The W orld Bank Development Research Group Macroeconomics and Growth and W ... ...nance Indicators Daniel Kaufmann Aart Kraay Pablo Zoido-Lobatón The W orld Bank Development Research Group Macroeconomics and Growth and W orld Bank I... ... Bank Institute Governance, Regulation and Finance October 1999 2 195 With the right method, aggregate indicators can provide useful estimates of basi... ...evelopment Research Group; and Governance, Regulation, and Finance, W orld Bank Institute—is part of a larger effort in the Bank to study the causes a... ...vernance for development. Copies of this paper are available free from the World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Please contact Dian... ...uvet, Room J3-273, telephone 202-473-5818, fax 202-334-8350, email dbouvet@worldbank.org. This paper is also available on the Web at http://www.worldb...

...Summary findings In recent years the growing interest of academics and policymakers in governance has been reflected in the proliferation of cross-country indices measuring various aspects of governance. Kaufmann, Kraay, and Zoido-Lobaton explain how a simpl...

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A-C, Governance and Transparency

By: Daniel Kaufmann

..., Governance and Transparency Experiences and Illustrations from around the world Presentation for the Government Ethics Training Course for Direc... ...vernance and Transparency Experiences and Illustrations from around the world Presentation for the Government Ethics Training Course for Director-... ...als in Local Supervisory Bureaus Daniel Kaufmann, Francesca Recanatini and The WBI Global Governance Team December 21, 2004 www.worldbank.org/wbi/gove... ...ncesca Recanatini and The WBI Global Governance Team December 21, 2004 www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance 2 Objective • To discuss cross-country and in... ...discuss cross-country and in-country methodologies developed by the World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency and promote action p... ...72 186 100 150 200 1997 1998-2001 2002-03 Number of Projects Source: World Bank Business Warehouse, 2003 12 14 14 28 31 0 20 40 1997-98 1999-00 2001 2...

...Objective -- To discuss cross-country and in-country methodologies developed by the World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency and promote action planning -- To present some preliminary evidence from countries around the world......

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A-C, Gobernabilidad Y Transparencia Experiencias Y Ejemplos Alrededor Del Mundo

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...a Recanatini WBI Equipo Global de Gobernabilidad 14 de octubre de 2003 www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Objectivo Discutir metodologías para varios p... ...de desarrollo. Para detalles de los datos y metodoloía visite: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance. 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 Débil... ...pción es uno de los retos sociales más serios. 0 20 40 60 80 Corruption in the Private Sector High Cost of Education Housing Shortage High Cost of Hea... ...s Drug abuse/Traffic Safety Concerns/Crime Rate Unemployment Corruption in the public sector High cost of living percent of respondents choosing the w... ...ismas) 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Public Prosecutor's Office Central Bank of Ecuador Natonal Council of Electrification National Financia...

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10 Idees Recues sur la Gouvernance et la Corruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...“Transparenting Transpa- rency: Initial Empirics and Policy Applications,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper (à paraître) (Washington); http:/... ...parenting Transpa- rency: Initial Empirics and Policy Applications,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper (à paraître) (Washington); http://www. ... ...Bank Policy Research Working Paper (à paraître) (Washington); http://www. worldbank.org/wbi/governance/pubs/TransparencyIMF.html. Commission for Afri... ...F.html. Commission for Africa Report, 2005, Our Common Interest: Report of the Commission for Africa (London); http://www.commissionforafrica.org. Ins... ... http://www.commissionforafrica.org. Institut de la Banque mondiale, 2002, The Right to T ell: The Role of Mass Media in Economic Development (Washing... ...005, “Gover- nance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3237 (Washington); http://worldbank.org/...

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Corruption, Transparency and Governance Workshop on Deliberative Democracy

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...fmann and Francesca Recanatini WBI Global Governance Team May 14, 2003 www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Objective To discuss cross-country and in-cou... ...ective To discuss cross-country and in-country methodologies developed by the World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency To introdu... ...ve To discuss cross-country and in-country methodologies developed by the World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency To introduce t... ...iscuss cross-country and in-country methodologies developed by the World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency To introduce the priv... ... World Bank Institute to assess governance and transparency To introduce the private-public governance ‘nexus’ (capture) and present some prelimin... ...ne Definition of ‘governance’ Governance, development and democracy World Bank methodologies developed to measure and improve governance Cross-count...

...s on how strongly individual sources are correlated with each other Margins of error reflect (a) number of sourcesin which a country appears, and (b) the precision of those sources......

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