World Library  


 
  • Cover Image

Ministry of Trade Ministerial Instruction No. 196 Dated March 15, 2004

By: Dr. Ali Allawi

Export and Trade Government Reference Document:

Excerpt: MINISTRY OF TRADE MINISTERIAL INSTRUCTION NO. 196 DATED MARCH 15, 2004. The Registration of Companies Section I, Introduction: The Right to Register a Business Entity 1. Pursuant to Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) Order 64, dated March 3, 2004, certain amendments have been effected to Company Law No. 21 of 1997. This Instruction implements these changes pursuant to Article 208 of that Law and, consistent with CPA Order 39, provides for equal treatment of f...

Read More
  • Cover Image

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (Icsid)

By: L. Yves Fortier

Economics

On 2 June 1995, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (hereinafter, the ?Centre? or ?ICSID?) received a request for arbitration dated 15 May 1995 (hereinafter, the ?Request?) from CompanĂ­a del Desarrollo de Santa Elena, S.A. (hereinafter, the ?Claimant? or ?CDSE?), a Costa Rican corporation the majority of whose shareholders are citizens of the United States of America (hereinafter, the ?U.S.?). -- 2. The Request stated that CDSE wished to instit...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes Dec...

By: David D. Caron

Economics

Introduction and Summary 1. The Claimant in this proceedmg is Aguas del Tunari, S.A. (AdT), a company organized under the laws of Bolivia. -- 2. AdT, under the Contract for Concession of Use of Water and for the Public Potable Water and Sewer Service for the City of Cochabamba (the Concession) concluded in September 1999 and by other contracts related to this Concession, received the right to provide water and sewage services for the city of Cochabamba, Bolivia. By early...

Read More
  • Cover Image

8Th Biennial Ifcai Conference Key Current Issues in International ...

By: Roberto Danino Zapata

Economics

International Federation of Commercial Arbitration Institutions (IFCAI) The International Federation of Commercial Arbitration Institutions was established in 1985. It now consists of 64 member organizations worldwide. The Federation?s aims are to establish and maintain permanent relations between commercial arbitration institutions, foster a broad exchange of information on all aspects of arbitration and conciliation, encourage the responsible use of these dispute resol...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Banro American Resources, Inc. And Societe Aurifere du Kivu et du ...

By: The World Bank

Economics

[1] ?We therefore note that the jurisdiction of the Centre and the Tribunal is subject to two critical dates related to the nationality of the entities involved: The two States involved ? the host State and the State of which the investor is a national ? must both be parties to the ICSID Convention on the date of registration of the request -- The juridical person party to the dispute must have had the nationality of a Contracting State on the date on which this juridica...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The English Constitution

By: Walter Bagehot

Economic Theory Literature

Excerpt: Introduction to the Second Edition. There is a great difficulty in the way of a writer who attempts to sketch a living Constitution, ? a Constitution that is in actual work and power. The difficulty is that the object is in constant change. An historical writer does not feel this difficulty: he deals only with the past; he can say definitely, the Constitution worked in such and such a manner in the year at which he begins, and in a manner in such and such respec...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Regulatory Developments in the U.S. : History and Philosophy

By: Louis S. Thompson

Economics

The first nationwide regulation of transportation in the U.S. was intervention in railways: interestingly, it came about because of a belief that there was too much competition. In the 1830 to 1880 period, railways had been over-built in many areas of the country -- especially the Northeast -- mainly because of financial speculation in the creation of railway companies. The perceived high fixed cost, low variable cost structure of railways tended to generate severe rate ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Draft Remarks of Morton Winston, Chairman, Board of Directors (Eme...

By: The World Bank

Economics

I turn my attention to Daniel Kaufman?s ambitious and very important study of the linkages between human rights, governance, and development outcomes. One of the important features of this study is that it should help put to rest the notion that it is not possible to measure and properly quantify human rights conditions and associate them in robust causal relationships with economic and other variables. This particular study is more methodologically sophisticated than so...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Corruption : The Facts

By: Daniel Kaufmann

Economics

This citation attests to the ancient nature of corruption, which amounts to the abuse of public office for private gain. Yet it also illustrates that even then corruption was regarded as corrosive to the development of the state and that specific measures were therefore needed in response. The king's adviser perceptively hinted at the link between illiberal trade, bureaucratic harassment at the border, and corruption. And he understood that corruption encompassed far mor...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Asociacion Internacional de Etica Del Desarrollo (Idea) Internatio...

By: Ramon Romero

Economics

PATROCINADORES/ SPONSORING INSTITUTIONS -- Asociacion Internacional de Etica para el Desarrollo/ International Development Ethics Association (IDEA) -- Postgrado Centroamericano en Economia y Desarrollo (POSCAE), Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Honduras/ Central American Graduate Program in Economics and Development -- Foro Ciudadano/Citizens Forum -- Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland/Instituto para FilosofĂ­a y ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Urisa 2003 Gis in Addressing : Street Smart and Address Savvy Conf...

By: The World Bank

Economics

Select a Link Below: 2003 GIS in Addressing Program and Book of Proceedings -- URISA Board of Directors Comments on the FGDC Address Data Content Standards -- Special Issue ? URISA Journal Volume 15, Access and Participatory Approaches 1 -- URISA Membership Brochure...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Committing to Results : Improving the Effectiveness of Hiv/Aids As...

By: Suzette Heald

Economics

Allen, Tim, and Suzette Heald. 2004. ?HIV/AIDS Policy in Africa: What Has Worked in Uganda and What Has Failed in Botswana?? Journal of International Development 16 (2004): 1141?54.

Read More
  • Cover Image

Media Studies Journal Fall 1999 : Business Reporting in Eastern Europe

By: The World Bank

Economics

DEEP WITHIN THE CORRIDORS OF the massive Stalinist edifice that houses several of Romanias leading newspapers, the latest East European revolution is now well under way ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Ethnic Discrimination : A Critical Survey of Economic Explanations

By: Jomo K. S., Professor

Economics

Ethnic discrimination has not been the subject of much theoretical consideration in economics. Typically, ethnic relations are relegated to the realm of sociology, and less commonly to politics, social psychology or social anthropology. Nevertheless, perhaps owing to its political significance in the United States, various economists have attempted to offer economic explanations for the phenomenon of ethnic discrimination, drawing largely on the US experience, particular...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Icsid Review-Foreign Investment Law Journal : Cases

By: Alejandro A. Escobar

Economics

The award rendered on August 30, 2000 in the proceeding instituted by Metalclad Corporation, a Delaware company, against the United Mexican States, was the first to uphold, on the merits, a claim submitted to arbitration under Chapter Eleven of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Metalclad filed its notice of arbitration on January 2, 1997, and requested access to ICSID?s Additional Facility. The notice was registered, and access to the Additional Facility g...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Corruption, Public Finances and the Unofficial Economy

By: Simon Johnson

Economics

The study of unofficial actives in the development field was typically done from a labor market perspective (Todaro, Tokman and many others), stressing the labor market regulatory regime in understanding the evolution of the informal sector. This ?sectorO was traditionally studied independently of the dynamics of the overall economy. Alternatively, we can take a political economy perspective, asking what motivates politicians to exercise certain rights on enterprises, an...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Journal of African Economies, Volume 15, Aerc Supplement 1, Pp. 10...

By: Robert H. Batesq

Economics

In the latter decades of the last century, those championing economic development in Africa championed as well political reform. They attributed the failure of development to government policies, including the tendency for rent seeking and the adoption of macroeconomic policies that distorted market signals and thereby weakened incentives to invest and manage efficiently Africa?s scarce resources (Ake, 1996; van de Walle, 2001). In seeking to promote political accountabi...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Income Distribution and Development

By: Ravi Kanbur

Economics

In the face of possible short and long run distributive consequences of alternative growth policies, and theoretical and empirical argument that equitable distribution of assets, in particular, can be the foundation of economic growth, a considerable literature had developed on distributive policies. In this section, we will focus on policies towards land, towards education, and on the role of transfers and the targeting of policies towards the poor. The distribution of ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Dividing the Spoils : Pensions, Privatization and Reform in Russia...

By: Ethan B. Kapstein; Branko Milanovic

Economics

The paper presents a political economy model where policy is the outcome of an interaction between three actors: government (G), managers and workers (W), and transfer-recipients (P). The government has the objective to stay in power and needs support of either P or W. It can choose a slow privatization with little asset-stripping and significant taxation, and thus protect its fiscal base out of which it pays pensioners relatively well (as in Poland). Or, differently, li...

Read More
  • Cover Image

True World Income Distribution, 1988 and 1993 : First Calculation ...

By: Branko Milanovic

Economics

The issues of income inequality have gained increased prominence in the last decade. There are several reasons for this. Some are empirical: increasing inequality in Western countries in 1980s, then an `explosion' of inequality in transition economies in the 1990's. Others are `theoretical': economic theory is able to incorporate the issues of inequality better today than a few decades ago. There is greater interest in the growth-equality relationship (Lundberg and Squir...

Read More
 
1
|
2
|
3
Records: 1 - 20 of 45 - Pages: 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.