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Effect of Fermentation, Aging, And Aging sur Lie on Total and Phen...

By: B. W. Zoecklein

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Varietal grape aroma is a primary factor determining wine style and quality. Grape aroma compounds are present as free volatiles, which may contribute directly to odor, and in much larger concentrations as nonvolatile sugar-bound glycosidic conjugates (Cordonnier and Bayonove, 1974; Williams et al ... 1982b). Glycosides are, in part, aroma precursors. Their analysis cannot be considered an exclusive measure of grape aroma potential since it is known that a ...

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Harvest Prospects Are Generally Favourable Following Satisfactory ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Following generally above normal rains in July over most agricultural zones, growing conditions remained favourable in August in the Sahelian countries. During the three dekads of August, rainfall was generally above normal and cumulative rainfall in August exceeds 100 mm everywhere in the main producing zones of the Sahel and in most cases in northern desert areas (see map on page 4). Unusually heavy rains were registered in Burkina Faso, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Ma...

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Minimizing Water Stress and Improving Water Resources

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Infiltration depends on there being sufficient porosity in the surface soil for rainfall to infiltrate, and in the subsoil and parent material (if shallow) for rainwater to percolate. When the porosity of the surface soil is too low to accept rainfall, or subsoil porosity is too low to allow rainwater percolation (i.e. permeability is too slow), then infiltration will be restricted and rainwater will be lost as runoff. The porosity of surface soil may have been ...

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Contents

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: DATE AND PLACE OF THE SUMMIT 1. The World Food Summit: five years later was held at FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy, from 10 to 13 June 2002, in keeping with the decisions of the Hundred and Nineteenth and Hundred and Twenty-first sessions of the FAO Council (Rome, November 2000 and November 2001, respectively). The Summit held seven Plenary Sessions. INAUGURAL CEREMONY 2. Mr Jacques Diouf, Director-General of FAO, welcomed the distinguished delegates and observ...

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The Livestock Revolution in China

By: Zhang Cungen

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: China is one of the largest agricultural and developing countries in the world, with 9.6 million square kilometres and 1.2 billion people. Since the 1980s, China has made great progress in agricultural and livestock development. It is an important fact that China, using 7 percent of all agricultural land in the word, feeds 21 percent of the world population. So it may not be an empty boast to state that a livestock revolution has being undertaken in China.

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Nemipterus Fürcosus (Valenciennes, 1830)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 9 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 7 rays. Pectoral fin with 2 unbranched and 13-16 branched rays. Body depth 3.0-3.9 in standard length. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or short of anus. A line drawn upwards from posterior edge of sub-orbital reaching the dorsal profile at about origin of dorsal fin. Caudal fin deeply forked.

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Dynamics of Santiago's Wholesale Market of Lo Valledor and of Its ...

By: Martine Dirven

Nutrition Reference Publication

Abstract: This study intends to answer two questions, namely: 1) whether the wholesale market of Lo Valledor, Chile?s largest by far, is indeed an outlet for small- scale farmers and 2) whether the producer-wholesale market-street market chain provides lower prices to consumers, especially the poorer ones than supermarkets. The questions are relevant because of the rapid increase of supermarket numbers and sales all over Chile in all types of neighbourhoods.

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Forest User Conflict Management in the Gambia

By: Kebba Sonko

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Sonko and Beck examine conflicts arising as The Gambia promotes the decentralization of forestry management. Opportunities exist for communities to obtain control over forests located on their customary lands. Widening the scope of local participation has generated increased conflicts, however, as different stakeholders try to secure their interests in specific forest resources. This case study looks at the role of local authorities, including the Peace Committe...

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Problemas Y Limitaciones de la Produccion de Arroz

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Los factores climÿticos tales como la temperatura, la radiaci›n solar y el viento tienen influencia sobre el rendimiento del arroz ya que afectan el crecimiento de la planta y los procesos fisiol›gicos relacionados con la formaci›n del grano. Estos factores tambi?n afectan indirectamente el rendimiento aumentando el da?o causado por las plagas y las enfermedades.

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Discurso de Bienvenida a la Reunion Ministerial Sobre Los Bosques

By: Jacques Diouf

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Es un gran placer acogerlos en esta Reunion Ministerial que es continuacion de las de 1995 y 1999 y que tiene lugar en una etapa delicadadel dialogo internacional sobre las politicas forestales. En efecto, los bosques se consideran un factor esencial paraalcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio. Pueden y deben contribuir a la reduccion del hambre y a garantizar la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente.

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Food Security Module China

By: He Xiurong

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Governments all over the world are concerned about food security1 because that severe food insecurity can impede chronic economic development, and even damage regime stability. Since the beginning of 20th century, the growth of the population of China was unprecedented2. The expansion of cropland and the increase of agricultural productivity dropping behind the growth of the population, moreover, extreme inequity of wealth distribution and continuous wars in the...

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Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia Research Trends

By: F. Thiaucourt

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: For a cattle owner in Africa, there has been apparently no change in the CBPP situation for many decades. The same vaccines have been used for 40 years, antibiotics are still used in the field. The improvement that was observed after the JP15 vaccination campaigns, associating rinderpest with CBPP vaccination is now gone. As a consequence, CBPP is again a top priority now. However, there are many indications that the situation may change rapidly as research...

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El Marco Legal para la Gestion Sostenible de las Montanas Instrume...

By: A. Villeneuve

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Pese a su importancia en la historia de la humanidad y a la riqueza de sus recursos, no hace mucho que las monta?as han empezado a atraer la atenci›n de las autoridades políticas y de los planificadores econ›micos. Los legisladores, tanto nacionales como internacionales, se han desinteresado por las zonas de monta?a hasta hace poco. S›lo en 1991 vio la luz la Convenci›n sobre la Protecci›n de los Alpes, primer acuerdo transnacional relativo a una cordillera, y l...

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Le Comite International de la Croix-Rouge Face Aux Problemes de Nu...

By: A. Mourey

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Le Comit? international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) est une institution humanitaire ind?pendante. Le CICR joue le r?le d?interm?diaire neutre en cas de conflits arm?s et de troubles civils, et il s?efforce d?assurer, de sa propre initiative ou en se fondant sur les Conventions de Gen?ve, protection et assistance aux victimes des conflits arm?s internationaux et non internationaux et des troubles et des tensions internes. Le CICR se donne pour mission de pr?venir et...

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Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Session

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Chairman of the Programme Committee: Pr?sident du Comit? du programme: Presidente del Comit? del Programa: Chairman of the Finance Committee: Pr?sident du Comit? financier: Presidente del Comit? de Finanzas: Chairman of the Committee on Constitutional and Legal Matters: Pr?sident du Comit? des questions constitutionnelles et juridiques: Presidente del Comit? de Asuntos Constitucionales y Jurídicos: Chairman of the Committee on Commodity Problems: Pr?sident du Co...

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The World Animal Feed Industry

By: Roger Gilbert

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: It is appropriate to start by identifying just who and what the animal feed industry is. While there are various ways to produce feed for livestock, there are just three broad production and delivery systems involved where farmers ?take in? feed to assist them in producing their livestock products - be that dairy or beef cattle, chickens, laying hens, pigs, rabbits, goats and sheep or fish. They are ... commercial operations producing feed for sale ... inte...

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Informe de la Septima Reunion Del Comite Del Codex Sobre Aguas Min...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

INTRODUCCI?N: El Comit? del Codex sobre Aguas Minerales Naturales celebr› su s?ptima reuni›n en Friburgo, Suiza, del 30 de octubre al 1? de noviembre de 2000, por amable invitaci›n del Gobierno suizo. Presidi› la reuni›n el Dr. Urs Klemm, Presidente del Comit? Nacional suizo del Codex, y asistieron a ella 98 delegados, asesores y observadores de 35 Miembros de la Comisi›n, así como ocho observadores pertenecientes a cinco organizaciones internacionales gubernamentales y ...

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Table C.17

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: TABLE C.17 ...

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Mission Fao/Pam Pour L Evaluation des Recoltes et des Disponibilit...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Le S?n?gal a connu en 2004 une invasion acridienne s?v?re ayant consid?rablement affect? les r?coltes plus particuli?rement dans les r?gions agro-pastorales de la moiti? nord du pays, o? l?on observe aussi des pertes de rendements dues ? l?irr?gularit? et/ou ? l?arr?t brusque des pr?cipitations. Une mission conjointe FAO/PAM/CILSS d??valuation des r?coltes et des disponibilit?s alimentaires a visit? le pays du 18 au 31 octobre 2004 pour estimer les r?coltes de l...

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Fao-Apercus Nutritionnels par Pays Haiti

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

RESUME: Au cours de ces vingt derni?res ann?es, l??tat nutritionnel des enfants ha?tiens de moins de 5 ans s?est globalement am?lior?. La pr?valence de l?insuffisance pond?rale est pass?e de 37 % en 1978 ? 28 % en 1995. Le taux de malnutrition chronique, mesur? par le retard de croissance, a diminu? de fa?on un peu moins marqu?e au cours de la m?me p?riode (de 40 % ? 32 %). La malnutrition aigu? (?maciation) a, pour sa part, chut? de 9 % en 1978 ? 4 % en 1995, atteignant...

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